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How and When to Prune Cannabis for Maximum Yield

There are many important factors to think about and then implement when growing cannabis for maximum yield. There’s aspect: south-facing sunny (eight to 10 hours) location. There’s the dirt: a rich organic and water-retentive soil that has a balanced blend of nitrogen, phosphorus, and potassium. There’s getting the best variety for your climate, your taste and your customer’s tastes from seed, tissue culture clones or ready-to-plant starts from a reputable nursery.

Once you’ve figured out all of these factors, and the danger of frost is over, it’s time to check a moon calendar and plant or soak seed by a new moon to take advantage of Mother Nature’s power.

These factors are all crucial in raising healthy pot plants. But there is another smart, fun and easy way you can give an assist to Mother Nature and help ensure your carefully selected, planted and nourished plants will thrive. Proper and correct pruning can help ensure healthy, bushy plants that produce lots of glorious buds.

Pruning marijuana plants is not difficult to understand, but it does take some dedication and energy as well as using the right tools and timing. Read on for our top tips on how to prune marijuana to enjoy a bounteous crop of premium product.

Vegetative Stage

The first stage of growth for any plant is the vegetative stage, when all the plant’s energy and biological intensity are telling it to reach a certain size. If the factors above are met, and the watering system operates well and is programmed correctly, growers can prune their plants for maximum yield during this vegetative period.

Proper pruning will help augment your marijuana plants’ natural growth. With careful cutting, you can help your plants send their energy to the places where it is most needed.

Best of all, pruning costs little or nothing. All you will have to do is invest a little of your time. For many folks, pruning is fun as well as rewarding. Spending a little quality time with your plants and making some judicious cuts can be a win-win. You will also need to get high-quality pruning clippers if you don’t already have them.

Keep in mind that all plants have a “game plan” for how they will grow from seed to flower. A week before pruning and a few days after, ease off fertilizing your plants so you don’t shock them and force them to produce bigger and more leaves right away. A seven-to-10-day period around pruning time will allow them to adjust and then continue a robust growth cycle.

Getting Better Bud

Most growers know the most significant flowers (buds) will grow when sun exposure and airflow are optimal. Knowing that, it makes perfect sense to start your pruning at the lower branches of the plant.

Begin at the innermost part of each lower branch, where buds may form but will never get large or dense. This pruning technique will send the message to the plant to give all its attention to the outermost buds. The inner leaves that get very small amounts of sunlight are expendable and should be picked off, helping marijuana plants use all of the available nutrients for producing the heaviest, tastiest and most potent harvest, regardless of whether it’s grown for medicinal or recreational purposes.

If you’re pruning because you’re planting in a very windy area or you simply don’t want your neighbors or others to see the plants, you might want to keep the height of your plants low. Pinch off the tallest main stalks with a very sharp pair of pruners. Go down the branch two to four bracts (about one or two feet) and make a clean cut.

You can even prune the outside branches of the ganja plant to give it an even look. If you are planting in a Screen (or Sea of Green) of Green, where you train the mass of plants to grow up through a wire or plastic grid that would be supported three or four feet above the ground for support, the same principles and methods of pruning apply.

Use Proper Pruners

By using the best, cleanest and sharpest pruners (I recommend Felco or Fiskars brands) for cutting lower interior branches, you’ll end up with a clean cut with very little chance of introducing disease. When snipping off lower interior leaves, using pruning snips or fine scissors is preferable.

Leaves are where sun-induced photosynthesis takes place and where nutrients are stored. Be careful not to take off all the leaves you plan to remove at one time. Focusing on the lowest branches and the interior of the plant or leaves that shade the buds, make it a two-part process. Each step should be a week apart.

Leave most of the largest fan leaves on the plant. They are the plant’s fuel factory. Removing yellowing, fading leaves and ones that shade the buds only. Keep in mind that while you are pruning, you should always be trying to eliminate the chance of shocking the plant, which may trigger early flowering that might result in lower yield.

Post-Pruning Plant Care

Finally, water your garden after pruning or de-leafing to stimulate growth and avoid shock. Giving your plants a dose of Vitamin B complex fertilizer along with the water will help them through this beneficial but often shocking period. The roots will benefit from this nutrient, and the plants should be higher-yielding. This vitamin fertilizer is thought to help the plants grow larger and produce bigger, more resinous colas.

In the flowering stage, growers feed their plants an organic high-phosphorous fertilizer. Vitamin B1 helps your plants take up and assimilate phosphorous. Kelp and other plants from the sea are a natural and organic source of vitamin B.

Carefully pruning your cannabis will help you maximize the growth and potency of every plant. This is just one of the many important factors to be aware of when growing nature’s gift, ganja. Seed (variety), site selection, soil and a regulated irrigation and fertilizing schedule are the other factors that can help you pull off a harvest you can be proud of.

A little extra care and time spent pruning can pay big dividends in a big, high-quality crop. Just ask any dedicated gardeners or growers, and they will tell you about the dedication and nurturing required and the ultimate payoff. You can do it!

Learn how to help your pot plants grow bigger, better and more potent. Read up on these tips on how and when to prune cannabis for maximum yield from DripWorks.

Trimming Your Cannabis Buds: Wet Trimming Vs Dry Trimming

While many cannabis growers treat harvest like the final stage of cultivation, it is far from the end. Along with improving their looks, trimming cannabis flowers makes for smoother smoking, greater potency, and reduces mould formation too! We’ll cover each step of the trimming process, compare and contrast methods, and show you how to do it right.

The what, when, and how of trimming cannabis.

  • 1. Why should you trim cannabis buds?
  • 2. When to trim cannabis
  • 3. Trimming: the best tools for the job
  • 4. Types of trimming
  • 5. Pros and cons of each cannabis trimming method
  • 6. What to do with the leftover trim
  • 7. Dry and curing cannabis: the next step
  • 1. Why should you trim cannabis buds?
  • 2. When to trim cannabis
  • 3. Trimming: the best tools for the job
  • 4. Types of trimming
  • 5. Pros and cons of each cannabis trimming method
  • 6. What to do with the leftover trim
  • 7. Dry and curing cannabis: the next step

Most growers agree that harvest time is the most rewarding part of the growing cycle. After months of raising your seedlings into mature, bud-laden plants, you’re finally able to sample the fruits of your labour!

However, you still have work to do; you’ll need to properly prepare your flowers for drying, curing, and storage. Do it correctly, and you’ll have buds that look, taste, and smoke better. Trust us; it’s worth your time and effort.

A key step, of course, is trimming the sugar leaves off your buds after clipping branches off the plant. Remember those pristine and nugget-like buds at your local dispensary or coffeeshop? Those are the result of manicuring—another word for trimming. Moving past aesthetics, these buds will also smell better, smoke better, and stay fresher after a good trim.

Let’s dive deeper into why you should trim your harvest, and consider different techniques used to get the job done.

WHY SHOULD YOU TRIM CANNABIS BUDS?

Trimming those sugar leaves off will help ensure your flowers are free of mould and excess plant material. If you need more convincing, let’s break down the main reasons to trim.

AESTHETICS

Taste, aroma, and effects are the most important aspects of cannabis. However, looks don’t fall far behind. After all, nothing feels as good as pulling pristine, manicured buds out of a stash jar. Trimming your flowers will transform them from rugged nugs into those worthy of a spot on the top shelf.

AROMA

Every strain offers a unique blend of terpenes that underpin its aroma. With the sugar leaves out of the way, terpenes will be that much more front and centre. Trim at the right time so you can avoid dislodging too many trichomes—the glands that produce these aromatic molecules.

SMOOTH SMOKE

Lingering sugar leaves are harsh on the lungs when smoked, and they have far less THC, so it’s best to toss them aside. Once you trim your buds, they’ll hit as smooth as the best you’ll find in the dispensary.

CANNABINOID CONTENT

Most of the trichomes that produce cannabinoids and terpenes reside on the buds. Sugar leaves do produce trichomes, but in much fewer numbers. After trimming your buds down, the ratio of plant material to cannabinoids will be more in your favour.

WHEN TO TRIM CANNABIS

Now that you know why you need to do it, you need to know how to do it right. As we mentioned earlier, timing is key when it comes to trimming cannabis flowers. For those keeping track, it’s your next port of call after harvest.

Before you even harvest, however, there are steps you can take to maximise the benefits of trimming. These steps include flushing, which, for those unfamiliar, involves cutting out nutrients and administering pure water to your plant’s growing medium before harvest. This practice encourages plants to utilise stored nutrients before harvest time, resulting in smoother and more flavourful flowers.

Most growers opt to flush their crop for around two weeks during the tail-end of the flowering stage. Proceeding to properly trim, dry, and cure your flowers will further blunt the harsh edge and enhance their aromatic properties.

Some growers prefer to trim immediately after harvesting their flowers, whereas others like to dry out their buds beforehand. Both of these techniques feature their own benefits and downfalls.

TRIMMING: THE BEST TOOLS FOR THE JOB

As it goes with any cannabis growing-related job, you’ll need the right tools to get it done. While they may seem simple, and in many ways are, they’re important nonetheless.

CURVED TRIMMING SCISSORS

To start, any grower will tell you that curved trimming scissors make both harvesting and trimming so much easier. The rounded blades fit perfectly around the base of buds, allowing you to safely snip them off the branches.

They also cut flush against the natural curve of cannabis buds, allowing growers to remove sugar leaves without damaging flowers. Trimming plants can wear down your hands, though, and calluses are common. Thankfully, these scissors feature a comfortable PVC grip and spring resistance to help counter those issues.

Curved Trimming Scissors

ROLLING TRAY / COLLECTION TRAY

You’ll also want to trim your flowers over a collection tray so you can save the sugar leaves for later. If you don’t know where to start looking, our line of rolling trays feature vivid designs and raised edges that will prevent spillages and mess. You also have the option of selecting your favourite colours and sizes.

SUITABLE STASH JAR

Where do you plan on putting all of that processed bud? You can’t leave it lying around on your coffee table! You’ll need something airtight, spacious, and convenient. Our in-house brand, as it happens, has the perfect solution in the form of the RQS Re:stash Jar.

These airtight jars feature a branded silicone sleeve that keeps the internal mason jar insulated. The lid—BPA-free and crafted from renewable hemp fibre—helps to maintain freshness and optimises terpene content.

TYPES OF TRIMMING

There are two ways to trim cannabis by hand: wet and dry. Alternatively, buds can be processed en masse via machine. Different growers have their own preferences, but they all end up at the same end result (if all goes well). Let’s cover the procedure and pros/cons of each method below so you can see which you prefer.

WET TRIMMING

Wet trimming refers to cutting away sugar leaves immediately after harvesting your flowers. Because they still hold a lot of water, the flowers remain wet and ultra-sticky.

1. Harvest your buds

Cut each branch near the node using your curved trimming scissors. Each branch will hold several buds. Keep them attached to the branch during trimming to make your life easier. Place your bud-laden branches into a large jar or bucket until you strip the entire plant.

2. Collect your tools and prepare your hands

Gather your scissors and tray, turn on a podcast, and drink some coffee to help you plough through the task ahead. Wash your hands and dry them well. Then, put on a pair of latex gloves to prevent your hands from getting caked in resin.

3. Trim

Pick up each branch, one by one, and use your curved scissors to carefully cut away all of the small sugar leaves on each bud. Many growers like to start at the base and work their way upwards in a circular fashion to ensure even, rounded edges. Some of the sugar leaves will be almost entirely concealed by the body of the bud. Remove as much as possible without damaging the flower. There will always be traces of sugar leaves left behind—don’t worry!

4. Drying and curing

Of course, you’ll need to dry and cure your manicured buds before you blaze them up. Place them on a drying rack in a lightly heated room with a fan. Once dry, remove individual buds from their branches before placing them into jars for curing.

DRY TRIMMING

Dry trimming, in contrast, takes place between drying and curing. Dry buds are much less sticky, but a little more tricky to trim. Here’s how to do it.

1. Harvesting and drying

Cut your plant at the base, and hang it upside down in a warm room with a fan.

2. Processing

Once completely dry, cut off each individual branch and set them aside for trimming.

3. Collect your tools

Get comfy, put on a podcast, and grab your scissors. Wash your hands and put on a pair of gloves here too.

4. Trim

Once you’re settled, cut away all of the sugar leaves from each bud. Use your scissors to cut each bud away from the branch, one at a time. This will make them easier to cure and store.

5. Start the curing process

Load your buds into their curing jars for smoother hits and better flavour.

MACHINE TRIMMING

Trimming by hand allows growers great attention to detail when processing their flowers. However, home growers don’t have to worry about massive volumes of flower. Commercial growers, though, view hand trimming as somewhat archaic, instead using machines to get the job done.

Trimming machines are available in many different sizes and shapes, and at different price points. Commercial-grade machines, while out of reach for average folk, can trim warehouse yields in no time. Smaller devices also exist to remove the task from the to-do list of smaller growers.

It sounds like a great hack, but there’s still a downside. Machines, unfortunately, have a reputation for damaging otherwise pristine cannabis flowers. They can save time, but you need to decide if you can tolerate the tradeoff.

PROS AND CONS OF EACH CANNABIS TRIMMING METHOD

As we’ve gone over, each of the methods above offers its own advantages and disadvantages. carla

WET TRIMMING ADVANTAGES WET TRIMMING DISADVANTAGES
It’s useful for preventing mould in climates with high humidity It’s a stickier process, making it feel more tedious
It’s more of a linear process following harvest (with nothing between drying and curing) The buds might dry too fast, leading to less nuance in flavour
The flowers dry faster without sugar leaves The buds will be less dense and compact, which some growers don’t like
Growers are able to dry more buds on their drying rack
WET TRIMMING ADVANTAGES WET TRIMMING DISADVANTAGES
It’s useful for preventing mould in climates with high humidity It’s a stickier process, making it feel more tedious
It’s more of a linear process following harvest (with nothing between drying and curing) The buds might dry too fast, leading to less nuance in flavour
The flowers dry faster without sugar leaves The buds will be less dense and compact, which some growers don’t like
Growers are able to dry more buds on their drying rack
DRY TRIMMING ADVANTAGES DRY TRIMMING DISADVANTAGES
It’s ideal in places with low humidity levels Sugar leaves can store pockets of moisture, leading to mould
The buds become nice, compact, and nugget-like Dry-trimmed flowers lose their initial colour quite quickly
The flowers dry at a slower rate and maintain their full flavour The dried sugar leaves become even smaller and harder to cut in a clean fashion
DRY TRIMMING ADVANTAGES DRY TRIMMING DISADVANTAGES
It’s ideal in places with low humidity levels Sugar leaves can store pockets of moisture, leading to mould
The buds become nice, compact, and nugget-like Dry-trimmed flowers lose their initial colour quite quickly
The flowers dry at a slower rate and maintain their full flavour The dried sugar leaves become even smaller and harder to cut in a clean fashion
MACHINE TRIMMING ADVANTAGES MACHINE TRIMMING DISADVANTAGES
It saves time compared to either hand-trimming method There’s a risk of the machine damaging flowers
Smaller machines help home growers process larger yields All that noise and gear is not ideal for stealthy growers
They remove one of many tasks growers are faced with
MACHINE TRIMMING ADVANTAGES MACHINE TRIMMING DISADVANTAGES
It saves time compared to either hand-trimming method There’s a risk of the machine damaging flowers
Smaller machines help home growers process larger yields All that noise and gear is not ideal for stealthy growers
They remove one of many tasks growers are faced with

WHAT TO DO WITH THE LEFTOVER TRIM

After trimming your entire harvest, your collection tray will be filled—or overflowing—with stems, stalks, fan leaves, and sugar leaves. Although these components might seem like waste material, you can actually put this trim to good use.

No, you won’t want to smoke them, but all of these parts contain cannabinoid and terpene stores. You can use them to make all sorts of homemade products that’ll have you feeling those good herbal vibes.

Growers can get especially experimental with sugar leaves. They aren’t the best to smoke, but you can use them to make some quality cannabutter, some sugar leaf tea, or even some tasty kief to add to your bud.

Likewise, you can use the stems to make an assortment of extracts and concentrates. We believe the best uses for cannabis stems include:

DRYING AND CURING CANNABIS: THE NEXT STEP

With trimming over, you’ll need to dry (unless you dry trimmed) and cure your flowers. Drying removes any excess moisture from your flowers, minimises mould formation, and makes them viable for long-term storage.

Curing your buds will greatly enhance their flavour and contribute to buttery smooth hits. The process forces buds to maintain just the right amount of moisture to make them pleasant to smoke and ideal for storing.

Check out our article on how to correctly dry and cure your harvest for more information!

Between harvesting and curing your cannabis buds, we suggest you trim them. Find out why, when, and how to do it right, along with helpful tools for the job. ]]>