Terpinolene: Everything You Need to Know
We take a closer look at terpinolene, a fragrant terpene found within our Royal Jack Automatic and Pineapple Kush strains here at RQS. The potential benefits combined with its unique flavour make it a terpene to seek out!
Terpinolene is the terpene partly responsible for the woody, piney smell cannabis can often have, and is one of many to feature in the plant. It is not a cannabis exclusive, though. Terpinolene can also be found in tea tree, conifers, apple, cumin, sage, rosemary and lilac. Also known as delta terpinene, terpinolene’s woody aroma, is often accompanied by citrusy and floral tones. It is a permanent member of the numerous terpenes’ families residing in the cannabis flowers, so let’s meet this hydrocarbon.
TERPINOLENE’S ROLE IN THE TERPENES FAMILY
Terpenes are chemicals with a huge array of fragrances, flavours, and effects. Their extractions from plants are the most important components of the essential oils used in herbal medicine, nutritional supplements and cosmetics. Terpinolene is used as an aroma agent in soaps and perfumes, and also as a component of some insect repellents. As opposed to other terpenes found in cannabis, terpinolene is neither an analgesic nor an anti-inflammatory. However, this terpene is studied for its antifungal and antibacterial properties, and also for its mild sedative action. We are interested in terpinolene as users and patients because it is one of the actors in the synergetic performance that enhances the action of THC and CBD.
SCIENCE ON TERPINOLENE
Terpinolene may possess antibacterial  and antimicrobial properties  , but research so far has focused on extracts of plants where terpinolene was just one of the many active compounds – making it hard to draw conclusions without further research.
Terpinolene was found to be an antioxidant,  also exerting an action that could prevent low-density lipoprotein oxidation. LDL is commonly known as bad cholesterol, a major contributor to heart diseases. The potential prevention of oxidation damage to cells and other molecules showed by terpinolene goes together with the ability to inhibit cancer cell growth. A decrease of the cell proliferation  in some forms of cancer is a meaningful result from recent research.
A few studies also mention the sedative properties  of terpinolene, making it a candidate for a natural remedy against insomnia. Its mild yet effective depressant action on the central nervous system could also be applied to the reduction of psychological excitement and anxiety.
CANNABIS STRAINS WITH GOOD AMOUNTS OF TERPINOLENE
Terpinolene can be an effective companion compound within a medical phytocomplex such as a cannabis extract or combined with vitamins and other substances, rather than a single pharmacological active principle. A little knowledge about this and other terpenes is useful when picking a cannabis strain for specific medical purposes, or just to better understand and appreciate all the slightly different effects and aromas this herb provides.
Terpinolene is most commonly found in strains with a sativa dominance. A notorious genetic that frequently exhibits high concentrations of terpinolene is Jack Herer, together with some of its hybrids. One of these is Royal Jack Automatic, a small yet productive autoflowering strain whose high amount of terpinolene vaporizes in a peppery aroma and spicy herbal taste. A totally different strain is Pineapple Kush, which is bred from the well known OG Kush and has a sweet tropical fruit taste and smell. This is a relaxing strain that might help with anxiety and migraines.
We take a look at the terpene known as terpinolene, including its effects and aromas.
Terpinolene, The Jack of All Trades Terpene
Let’s take a minute off the beaten path to appreciate one of the most underrated yet multidimensional tree terpenes present in the cannabis plant
The emergence of terpenes into the mainstream has been an incredible development for contemporary medical research. It also couldn’t have come at a better time: as controversy continues to swirl around untested vaccines and their long-term side effects, the number of people turning to natural medicine increases by the year. Fortunately, researchers have learned a lot about naturally-occurring plant compounds – such as cannabidiol (CBD), tetrahydrocannabinol (THC) and terpenes – as well as their various medicinal and therapeutic benefits in the past decade.
In the course of their rise to international recognition, several common terpenes have gone on to become standouts and favorites for their roles in the aroma and flavor experience of marijuana strains. Some terpenes are particularly sought out in specific countries. For example, anxiolytic terpenes such as Myrcene are incredibly popular in the US, one of the most stressed-out populations in the world. In the US, Myrcene is consumed not just in Myrcene-rich cannabis strains, but in isolated forms such as oils and mixed concentrates as well.
Aromas & Flavors Associated With Terpinolene
It’s worth noting that terpinolene is not found exclusively in cannabis. Terpinolene is actually found primarily in trees, such as apple, tea, fir, lilac and pine. It’s also notably present in nutmeg and cumin. While terpenes such as Limonene or Pinene possess fairly distinct aromas and flavors, Terpinolene is more expansive, and depends entirely on individual olfactory sensibilities.
Terpinolene’s flavor profile is commonly described as woody yet herbal, with hints and an aftertaste of citrusy pine. This makes it a good choice of terpene to use in tea, omelettes or cheesecake.
Its scent is similarly complex: woody and citrusy, but floral and herbaceous at the same time. This generally refreshing aroma has put Terpinolene on the short list as an additive for the manufacture of beauty and topical products, as well as in making perfumes.
Health-Positive Effects Associated With Terpinolene
Similar to most terpenes, Terpinolene vaporizes at 366°F, and is shown in recent studies to produce a sedative effect in mice. In humans, inhaled Terpinolene acts as a mild depressant on the central nervous system – making it viable for reducing or improving symptoms of insomnia, restless leg syndrome (RLS) and even hypertension in proper dosages. There is not enough research to give conclusive guidance on these health effects.
When processed into essential oils, things become much more multidimensional. Terpinolene is shown to possess antibacterial as well as antioxidant and anti-microbial qualities. Other studies provide evidence that it even makes a good insect repellant, providing relief from outdoor pests like mosquitoes and weevils.
Aside from its ability to control lipoprotein oxidation, there are studies linking Terpinolene to the reduction of cancer cell proliferation. However, further investigation is needed to establish whether Terpinolene can produce its anti-cancer effects independently, rather than as one of several compounds.
Cannabis Strains Associated With Terpinolene
Terpinolene is typically found in sativa-dominant strains high in THC. There are virtually no high-CBD strains with a substantial degree of Terpinolene content. It’s also important to note that specific strains of cannabis don’t necessarily share the same terpene profile as their respective parent strains, as is the case between Pineapple Kush vs OG Kush, Sour Tangie vs Tangie and so on.
And now without further ado, let’s take a quick look at three high-terpinolene strains from around the world, in no particular order.
- Dutch Treat is an all-time favorite in Amsterdam’s cannabis lounges and coffee shops for its euphoric, stress-busting effects. While Dutch Treat is known for its intense aroma of eucalyptus and sweet fruits, Terpinolene adds a slight piney flavor into the mix while relaxing the mind.
- Shipwreck is a sort of niche hybrid, sought after mostly by creative personalities planning a productive weekend on the typewriter, easel or piano. Shipwreck is uplifting, and yet mellow at the same time thanks to Terpinolene. It’s an elusive strain providing the perfect calming lift for getting a lot of work done from a seated position.
- Sour Tangie is a cross between its parent strain Tangie and East Coast Sour Diesel. Terpinolene lends a bit to this intensely-flavored hybrid’s citrusy overtones, while helping to even out its cranky, elevating buzz. Sour Tangie is a favorite among DIY growers for its quick flowering time and relative ease growing indoors.
Future Possibilities For The Not-So-Popular Popular Terpene
Because there aren’t too many standout cannabis strains that are Terpinolene-dominant, it isn’t nearly as well-known as its more popular cousins, such as Limonene of the world-famous Super Lemon Haze or Myrcene of the always in-demand OG Kush. However, terpenes are becoming an industry of their own independent of cannabis. As terpenes become increasingly appreciated for their various benefits rather than their roles in scenting and flavoring weed, Terpinolene is bound to have its day in the limelight sooner or later.
Today Terpinolene is used primarily in soaps, topicals and perfumes as one of several natural compounds. Its individual properties are still being studied and established in scientific literature. As more research is completed on this jack-of-all-trades terpene, it’s likely Terpinolene will become famous in its own right – not as a flavoring agent, but as a terpene with proven medicinal and therapeutic benefits.
Let's take a minute off the beaten path to appreciate one of the most underrated yet multidimensional tree terpenes present in the cannabis plant The emergence of terpenes into the mainstream has been an incredible development for contemporary medical research. It also couldn't have come at a better time: as controvers