2.) How to Research Strains – Step-by-step instructions on how to find the strains that fit your critera, produce the effects you want, and are suited to your setup. Strains… There are a few widely known cannabis strains, like "White Widow" (pictured here to the right). But for cannabis growers today, there are literally thousands of strains to choose from.
Unfortunately, even knowing the strain name isn't necessarily enough to tell you what to expect from a plant! There are sometimes different versions of strains by different breeders. When there are several versions of popular strains, each version can grow wildly different from each other and produce different results. "White Widow" from one breeder may be completely different from "White Widow" by another breeder. So while you're researching strains, always pay attention to the breeder in addition to the strain name. Genetics play a huge role in how your cannabis plants grow, including the effects, appearance, smell and taste of their buds. ◦ Medical vs Recreational ◦ Physical or Mental Effects, Bud Appearance, Color and Smell. Compare these strains directly to determine your winner(s) Let’s go through that list one step at a time… 1.) Determine exactly what you’re looking for.
Are you looking for medical cannabis, or non-medical cannabis? Are you just looking for the most potent strain possible? Perhaps you want to grow purple or pink buds that look like the buds you see in a magazine. Regardless of what you’re looking for, chances are there’s a strain, or many strains, that fit your needs. One thing to keep in mind is “Indica” vs “Sativa” plants. These are not always the case, and characteristics vary a lot by strain, but this list should help give you an idea of what to expect in general from Indica vs Sativa strains. The above plants were grown in the exact same environment. Notice how much a difference the strain made as far as their growth patterns. Grows short and bushy as opposed to quickly growing tall. Indicas usually do not stretch much after being switched to the flowering stage. Tends to produce a more “heavy” or “couchlock” effect, though it varies by strains. Many Indica-dominant strains have relatively higher levels of CBD (1-2%) Sativa Strains. Some sativa-leaning strains tend to produce less dense buds. You may end up with very long buds as opposed to small thick nuggets like with some indica-leaning strains. Tends to grow very tall, with a big stretch after being switched to the flowering stage (often doubling, or even tripling in height after the switch to flower) Can provide a cerebral “daytime” or “trippy” effect that many growers love. Often low in CBD (less than 1%) Auto-Flowering Strains. Usually carries a mix of Indica and Sativa characteristics, since all auto-flowers have been mixed with other cultivated strains. Sometimes called "Lowryders" or "Ruderalis" strains. “Auto-Flowering” means these strains don’t need special light cycles to initiate budding. Learn more about auto-flowering strains here: https://www.growweedeasy.com/autoflowering-vs-photoperiod. Cannabis can be either male or female, but female cannabis plants are the only ones which produce buds. Male plants produce pollen and are generally thrown away by growers.
Most growers only want to grow bud-bearing female plants. If you're not starting with cannabis clones (where the gender is already known), feminized seeds are the only way to ensure your cannabis plant will end up making buds. Note: “Feminized” seeds means that all the plants will turn into female plants. Regular (non-feminized) seeds will produce about half male and half female plants. Even though male plants do not make buds, the pollen from desirable “stud” male plants are essential to a complete cannabis breeding program. Some strains are considered “easier” to grow than others. One example of this is “Northern Light” which is considered to be hardy and tends to thrive in a variety of environments, without growing too tall or out of control.
Some strains are known to be relatively picky about their environments, but an experienced grower in a nice setup should be able to deal with any strain’s specific needs.