You don’t need to buy expensive nutrients or get a new grow light for this to work for you. Manipulating the plant in a way that doesn’t involve actually cutting your plant is often referred to as “LST” in the cannabis growing world, which is short for “Low Stress Training.” The idea of LST is to manually force your plant to grow flat and wide, as opposed to tall and thin, usually using bending. Here’s an example of a plant that has been LST’ed to grow very short and wide.
Notice how the plant is very short when viewed from the side, but when viewed from above the plant has a lot of leaf surface area. All those leaves are like little solar panels, getting energy from your grow light.. This flat plant shape allows the whole plant to better use your existing grow lights, since a greater percentage of the plant is closer to the light source, which means that more of the plant is getting exposed to brighter light intensity. Any LST attempts should almost always begin when the plant is very young, as this type of “table” shape is much harder to achieve once the plant has developed into a triangle shape with a tall main cola. A variation of LST is when growers use a screen or net to act as a guide with which to force plants to grow flat. This technique is known as ScrOG (short for “Screen Of Green”). ScrOg is how you achieve something like this… Notice how practically the whole plant is getting direct exposure from the lights. All that direct, intense light will be turned into energy by the plant, fueling bigger buds and overall yields. In order to use ScrOG, you will need to invest in a screen, and take time during the vegetative and beginning of the flowering stage to train your plant to grow along the screen.
Another popular and easy-to-learn plant training method that increases yields is known as “Supercropping.” Basically, supercropping means to bend your plant so that individual stems lay flat and form a “knuckle” where they were bent. Supercropping can be used alongside any other plant training method or by itself. Any time you notice any colas growing taller than the others, but are unable to use bending to pull down that errant cola out and away from the center of the plant, you can use supercropping to force any plant to bend. Now when it comes to plant training, there are lots of methods that involve actually cutting your plant, or removing stems and/or leaves. As far as methods that involve actually cutting the plant, you have two main options. One is to ‘top’ the plant and one is to ‘FIM’ the plant. With both techniques, you remove some of the growth on the end of the main cola of your young cannabis plant, which causes the plant to stop focusing on one cola (like a Christmas tree) and instead to create many bud-laden colas (grow a sea of buds). This will give you an idea of how the plant growth patterns change as a result of topping or FIMing a cannabis plant at a young age. A very popular form of plant training that utilizes topping and really seems to simplify the whole process for a lot of growers is known as main-lining or manifolding. Now I will mention the next technique so this section is complete, but I highly recommend against using this technique until you already have had at least a few successful grows under your belt . I also recommend mastering the other forms of plant training first, like all the ones mentioned above before trying this technique. Defoliation can hurt or even kill your plants if done incorrectly. I believe that defoliation has in important place in the grower’s plant training repertoire, yet I also believe that most growers would do better to master the other training methods first before ever trying defoliation. Now that you’ve been warned… (Experienced Growers Only) Controversial Defoliation Increases Marijuana Yields: https://www.growweedeasy.com/defoliation. Next , learn how using less nutrients can actually result in bigger yields. 3.) Get the Right Cannabis Nutrients (and don’t overdo it!) Your cannabis plant needs nutrients to grow, no doubt about it. How much nutrients do your plants need to grow their best? But just getting the correct kind of nutrients and following a nutrient schedule isn’t the only step you should take. Unfortunately, for whatever reason, many growers tend to provide too high levels of nutrients to their plants. This is most common when growers mix many different nutrients and supplements together, without understanding what the plant needs to grow well. As a grower, it is important that you learn how to tell when your plants are showing signs that they’re receiving too high levels of nutrients.
The most common sign that your plants are getting too much nutrients is “nutrient burn.” Growers often refer to nutrients as “food” for your plants. When you talk about it that way, it intuitively seems like giving more “food” would result in bigger buds, but is that really the case? As we learned earlier in the section about light intensity, the real “food” for your plants is light. Light is what your plant turns into energy through photosynthesis, and this energy is what fuels vegetative and flowering growth.
They’re like little helpers that give your plant what it needs to carry out the process of photosynthesis and growth. I like to think of nutrients like vitamins for humans. While humans need to get certain vitamins to survive, I want you to consider that people should never eat multi-vitamins like candy.