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Cannabis Ruderalis

For most of its history, no-one has been too interested in the ‘forgotten’ member of the cannabis family known as Cannabis Ruderalis. Unlike Cannabis Indica and Cannabis Sativa, Ruderalis lacks the potent pyschoactive properties and for this fundamental reason Ruderalis has been largely ignored.

Cannabis Ruderalis is a branch of the ganja family that has adapted for life in extreme northern climates such as Northern Europe, Northern Russia and Canada. These regions have short growing seasons, just 3 months of half decent weather. Normal cannabis indica/sativa simply can’t grow properly in these cold climates with short summers. Cannabis Ruderalis however has cleverly adapted to the extremely short growing season by adapting an automatic growing cycle. With only a short summer to use, Ruderalis plants germinate and immediately set about a frantic growth cycle that allows them to grow, flower and seed in just 10 weeks. This is the only way Cannabis Ruderalis can survive.

For many years Ruderalis was an unusable curiosity in the world of weed. Then, a few years ago breeders came up with the idea of using the Cannabis Ruderalis 10-week life cycle and tried to combine it with the potency of traditional sativa and indica strains. The result was a new type of cannabis which flowered automatically. A seed could be planted and 10 weeks later, irrespective of lighting or grow conditions, the plant was fully mature.

The first generation of cannabis indica/sativa strains crossed with Ruderalis genetics were called ‘Automatic’. Dutch Passion made their automatic strains fully feminised and called them ‘AutoFem’ strains. Today some of these AutoFem strains are more popular than the traditional varieties which we have sold for deacdes. AutoFem strains have been a revolution for medical and recreational growers. They are maintenance free, they grow to around 1 metre (easy to hide) and are ready in just 10 weeks. Everyone is growing them.

Modern AutoFlowering strains are much improved over the first ones that were produced. Inconsistent growth, hermie problems and lack of potency issues have all been overcome. In Dutch Passions case, the AutoFem varieties are stable, and very potent. 25-50 grams of great bud is typically produced from AutoFem strains grown in small containers. But if the AutoFem plant is given good soil and light then 100-200 grams is regularly achieved.

It is ironic that Cannabis Ruderalis was ignored for so long. Dutch Passion now invest heavily in research and development of Cannabis Ruderalis as it has allowed an exciting new branch of cannabis genetics to open up. AutoFem strains are easy to grow, easy to keep hidden in your garden and have excellent potency. People that only ever grew indoor cannabis strains now plant a pack of AutoFem seeds every year. Growing them couldn’t be any easier!

Consumers feedback:

The potency of the best Auto’s such as Auto Mazar and the connoisseurs’ favourite AutoBluberry is just as good as traditional varieties. But it is the insane yields we are seeing with AutoMazar that has surprised so many in the world of cannabis. Grow Diary

Date: 22 september 2011

This is my first time using your autoflower seeds, I am on Day 34 of Flowering, and I am very very impressed, I have never seen a Bud, so thick and tall solid 15″ Bud on the head, with two weeks left, Will be using you again, Want to try the automazar as well!

Date: 12 mei 2011

Cannabis Ruderalis For most of its history, no-one has been too interested in the ‘forgotten’ member of the cannabis family known as Cannabis Ruderalis. Unlike Cannabis Indica and Cannabis

Cannabis Ruderalis: Rugged Weed With A Hidden Talent

Cannabis ruderalis has humbly remained the underdog of the three major cannabis subspecies. However, it is now making its name known and gaining well-earned respect by bringing autoflowering genes to the scene.

When talking about cannabis strains, most will likely think of the two predominant subtypes: indica and sativa.

However, most everyday consumers aren’t aware that there is a lesser known type of cannabis that has transformed the world of cultivation and strain creation: Cannabis ruderalis.

WHAT IS CANNABIS RUDERALIS?

So, what is ruderalis? To answer that question, let’s travel back to the origin of this unique type of cannabis.

RUDERALIS ORIGINS

Cannabis ruderalis is thought to have originated thousands of years ago in areas of Asia, Central and Eastern Europe, and specifically Russia, where it continues to grow as a “weed” today.

Botanists named it “ruderalis” (the word “ruderal” meaning something that grows on waste ground or among rubbish) to classify it as a type of cannabis plant with a weedy nature that escaped human cultivation and adapted to the extreme environments found in these climates.

Ruderalis is often described as the third type of cannabis along with Cannabis sativa and Cannabis indica, although botanists are unsure whether it qualifies as a species in its own right. Genetically, Cannabis ruderalis is somewhere between indica and sativa varieties.

IS RUDERALIS THE SAME AS HEMP?

Hemp isn’t a different species of cannabis. We use the term “hemp” to refer to a type of selectively bred cannabis that contains minimal THC levels. To qualify as hemp, cannabis in the US needs to contain less than 0.3% THC. In Europe, the threshold is between 0.2–0.3% THC depending on the country.

Even though Cannabis ruderalis has very low levels of THC (below 3%), it still has more than hemp. However, hemp and ruderalis often contain similar CBD levels, although these vary too.

Hemp is also a more versatile plant than ruderalis. Humans have cultivated hemp for millennia, using it for many different purposes, from making fabrics and paper to food, biofuel, and health supplements.

Ruderalis, on the other hand, is a type of cannabis used almost exclusively for one purpose: breeding.

IS RUDERALIS LEGAL?

In order to be classified as hemp, ruderalis would need to contain a THC content below the legal limits mentioned above. Otherwise, ruderalis would only be considered legal in areas where recreational and/or medical cannabis can be grown and purchased.

SATIVA, INDICA, AND. RUDERALIS!

So, what are the differences between Cannabis indica, sativa, and ruderalis? Let’s take a quick look to compare their characteristics.

  • SATIVAS

Grow best in hot climates with ample sun. Plants grow slim and tall with long, thin, finger-like leaves. Expect heights exceeding 3m and a cerebral “head high” that is energetic, creative, uplifting, and euphoric. Best for daytime use.

Grow best in hot climates with ample sun. Plants grow slim and tall with long, thin, finger-like leaves. Expect heights exceeding 3m and a cerebral “head high” that is energetic, creative, uplifting, and euphoric. Best for daytime use.

  • INDICAS

Better suited for colder climates. More robust with better resistance. Plants grow shorter and bushier with wider leaves. Indicas tend to induce a body high that is physically relaxing and “Stoning”. Great as a sleeping aid and appetite stimulator. Best for nighttime use.

Better suited for colder climates. More robust with better resistance. Plants grow shorter and bushier with wider leaves. Indicas tend to induce a body high that is physically relaxing and “Stoning”. Great as a sleeping aid and appetite stimulator. Best for nighttime use.

  • HYBRIDS

A mix of sativa and indica genetics. They grow vigorously with good resistance. Can display qualities of both indica and sativa in growing characteristics and effects.

A mix of sativa and indica genetics. They grow vigorously with good resistance. Can display qualities of both indica and sativa in growing characteristics and effects.

  • RUDERALIS

Wild cannabis that has adapted to extreme environments. Very short and compact plants with small, chunky buds. Grows as a weed even “among rubbish” and is extremely robust with good resistance. Contains little ( RELATED STORY

Thanks to this autoflowering capability, ruderalis can be used to breed new cannabis strains. Although it may not be desirable for recreational or medicinal purposes on its own, when crossed with high-quality indica/sativa/hybrid cultivars, ruderalis can endow the resulting strain with the autoflowering trait. This significantly reduces stress on the grower, allowing them to keep plants under a consistent 18–20-hour light schedule throughout all phases of growth.

Aside from light schedule, autoflowers offer the advantage of a faster overall grow cycle. This lessens the threat of losing good cannabis to bad weather and allows growers the opportunity to harvest multiple crops per season and per year. Beginner growers and experienced cash-croppers alike have taken to autoflowers (and therefore ruderalis) for these very reasons.

• Short and bulky, fewer branches

• Wide, 3-fingered leaves

• 50–60cm in height

• Barely psychoactive (below 3% THC)

• Contains some CBD for sub-perceptual effects

3–4 weeks in vegetative growth

• Ready to harvest around 70–110 days from seed

• Short and bulky, fewer branches

• Wide, 3-fingered leaves

• 50–60cm in height

• Barely psychoactive (below 3% THC)

• Contains some CBD for sub-perceptual effects

3–4 weeks in vegetative growth

• Ready to harvest around 70–110 days from seed

ROYAL DWARF

Royal Dwarf is a short, stout, fast-growing autoflower that’s excellent for indoor cultivation. Staying at a convenient 40–60cm, this “bonsai” among cannabis fits everywhere. The sativa-dominant variety is ready in just 8–9 weeks from seed. The girl is supercharged with potent Skunk genetics and has a social, uplifting effect that she rounds off with a relaxing and soothing stone.

Royal Dwarf
Skunk x Ruderalis
150 – 200 g/m 2
40 – 70 cm
6 – 7 weeks
THC: 13% (aprox.) / CBD: Low
60% Sativa, 10% Indica, 30% Ruderalis
30 – 80 g/per plant (dried)
50 – 90 cm
8- 9 weeks after germination
Physically stoned
Royal Dwarf
Skunk x Ruderalis
150 – 200 g/m 2
40 – 70 cm
6 – 7 weeks
THC: 13% (aprox.) / CBD: Low
60% Sativa, 10% Indica, 30% Ruderalis
30 – 80 g/per plant (dried)
50 – 90 cm
8- 9 weeks after germination
Physically stoned

NORTHERN LIGHT AUTOMATIC

One of the most popular Afghani-derived indicas, this autoflowering variety won’t get taller than 100–120cm and races to harvest in 9–10 weeks. Northern Light Automatic has a nice, sweet taste and a very relaxing effect with a slightly heady, happy note. Great for medicinal users as a sleep aid. Good yields of 550g/m² indoors and 200g/plant outdoors will make growers very happy!

Northern Light Automatic
Northern Light x Ruderalis
500 – 550 g/m 2
80 – 120 cm
5 – 7 weeks
THC: 14% (aprox.) / CBD: Low
0% Sativa, 80% Indica, 20% Ruderalis
170 – 220 g/per plant (dried)
130 – 160 cm
9 – 10 weeks after planting
Cerebral and uplifting
Northern Light Automatic
Northern Light x Ruderalis
500 – 550 g/m 2
80 – 120 cm
5 – 7 weeks
THC: 14% (aprox.) / CBD: Low
0% Sativa, 80% Indica, 20% Ruderalis
170 – 220 g/per plant (dried)
130 – 160 cm
9 – 10 weeks after planting
Cerebral and uplifting

SOLOMATIC CBD

Solomatic CBD is the first CBD-rich strain from our catalogue to feature an impressive CBD:THC ratio of around 22:1! Unlike many other CBD-rich strains, this strain is sure to never contain more than 1% THC. Yet, she boasts a staggering 21% CBD, which makes her ideal for medicinal users and those with little tolerance for THC. Vaping her will inspire pure joy thanks to her sweet and fruity flavour accented by hints of ginger and pine.

Solomatic CBD
Diesel CBD x Asia CBD Auto
425 – 475 g/m 2
90 – 120 cm
7 – 8 weeks
THC: 1% (aprox.) / CBD: 21%
20% Sativa, 70% Indica, 10% Ruderalis
110 – 150 g/per plant (dried)
110 – 150 cm
9-10 weeks after planting
Soft, Clean and very light
Solomatic CBD
Diesel CBD x Asia CBD Auto
425 – 475 g/m 2
90 – 120 cm
7 – 8 weeks
THC: 1% (aprox.) / CBD: 21%
20% Sativa, 70% Indica, 10% Ruderalis
110 – 150 g/per plant (dried)
110 – 150 cm
9-10 weeks after planting
Soft, Clean and very light

TIPS FOR GROWING AUTOFLOWERING CANNABIS

Did we make you curious about growing autoflowers? Follow these tips to look forward to a successful grow with plenty of fat buds come harvest!

  • Don’t repot your autoflowers: Autoflowers don’t have time to recover from stress. Start plants in their final pot.
  • Use a root stimulator: Because the lifespan of autoflowers is limited, a root stimulator can help optimise development.
  • Use light and airy soil: Don’t make it difficult for your autoflowers to grow and expand their roots. Encourage fast growth by using light and airy soil.
  • Use a big-enough container: Autoflowers won’t grow too tall, but a pot that’s too small will negatively affect growth and yield.
  • Don’t overdo it with water and nutrients: Autoflowers need less water and fewer nutrients than feminized cannabis. Don’t overdo it.
  • Watch out for pests: Good thing autoflowers grow fast, so there is less risk for pest infestations. But, you should still check for pests when growing outdoors in particular. Insecticidal soap and neem oil can do wonders to eradicate many common cannabis pests.

You can find more tips on growing autoflowers indoors here, and tips on growing autoflowers outdoors here!

MORE INFO AT ROYAL QUEEN SEEDS

Want more info on all things autoflowering? Take a look at our blogs on maximising your autoflowering yield, the pros and cons of autoflowers, and our top 10 autoflowering strain recommendations. RQS has all the info you need!

Ruderalis has changed the growing game entirely, introducing autoflowering genes into the world of weed. Read all about ruderalis here!