How to Build the Best Basic Indoor Grow Setup
What to consider when choosing your basic indoor grow setup? Read our tips here and harvest the best buds possible.
Choosing to switch from outdoor growing to a basic indoor grow setup is quite the milestone for a cannabis user. Indeed, growing outdoors – a popular choice for many – can be fairly easy if the weather is not too demanding: throw germinated seeds in some soil, water, harvest, dry, consume, repeat. This is why growers can feel overwhelmed by the difficulties that seemingly go hand in hand with indoor growing.
1. Pick a location for your indoor cannabis grow
If you want your installation to remain basic, you will need to find a space that is not too restricted. For those who don’t have much of a choice, there are options such as Screen of Green, Sea of Green and other micro grows, but those require somewhat advanced, possibly pricey hardware, in addition to potentially being time-consuming. And that’s not what we’re about here! So what should your priorities be?
Estimate the maximum amount of space your plants will need
Assess to which extent your plants are going to grow, at least approximately. This will depend on which cannabis strain you have chosen, as well as on the care you plan on giving them. Whichever spot you have in mind needs to accommodate your plants in their final form, that is, fully grown, in height and in width.
For instance, if your bathtub is large enough and you’re more of a shower person, setting up cannabis plants in one end of a bathtub is actually quite a popular choice. So read product descriptions attentively, take note of average height of your chosen cannabis strains, and whip out your measuring tape.
A basic grow tent
Decide whether your grow space will need protection from light
Regardless of whether you opt for the aforementioned bathtub, or for another corner of your home, your grow space needs to be safe from any unwanted light, especially when the flowering period comes. This means there needs to be no light whatsoever during the “dark phase” of your light cycle, including street lights coming in from windows, rays peering from under doors, etc. Closets or very small rooms with doors are very much appreciated by indoor growers.
If it turns out you don’t have much choice in the matter, you need to consider purchasing a grow tent. Several sizes exist to accommodate most basic indoor grow setups.
How many plants are you growing?
Ask yourself what is the maximum number of plants your grow room/closet/corner can contain. If you are considering buying, for instance, a pack of 10 seeds of our beautiful, bountiful Big Bud Regular, you may want to ensure that your grow space can in fact contain 10 plants. Yes, some of these seeds may not germinate, and it is unlikely all 10 seeds will produce female plants.
But what if 7 of them do, and your bathtub really is a shower cabin that can barely contain you? The cannabis community is all about sharing, and surely, someone can babysit any extra female plant you find yourself with. But if you want to keep a few seeds for next year, invest in Big Bud Feminized instead. And in general, opt for feminized seeds or automatic seeds in order to control the number of fully grown plants you will end up fostering.
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2. Choose your type of indoor lighting
Indoor growing relies on providing plants with light from artificial sources. There are several types of grow lamps available to choose from. Here is what you need to keep in mind before you make your choice.
What is your honest budget?
The most cost-efficient solution for indoor grow lighting is CFL (Compact Fluorescent Lamp). Compared to MH (Metal-Halide) lamps, CFL lamps consume less energy, and you will also need to change bulbs less often. However, if you plan on having numerous rounds of crops per year, the difference may not necessarily be significant, especially since the use of MH lamps is much more beneficial to vegetating plants.
HPS (High Pressure Sodium) lighting, often chosen for flowering plants, provides a higher level of heat. This may or may not be an advantage depending on what your installation looks like; if your grow space is limited in terms of height, you may want to reconsider in order to ensure your plants will not suffer if too close to your lighting equipment.
If you would prefer to invest in something more expensive in order to secure functioning hardware that will not need replacing or upgrading for several seasons, LED (Light-Emitting Diode) lamps are a good way to achieve long-term savings. But beware! In this case, cheap is not necessarily a wise option. Read plenty of customer reviews before making your choice
Do you have performance requirements?
Budget is one thing, but also ensure you will not be disappointed by your purchase. CFL is the basic option; consider it the “rice and beans” of grow lighting. Beyond this, you will need to seriously consider what type of quality you expect from the final product: LED is known as somewhat of a revolution in grow lighting, so assuming the product you choose is at least in the mid-range category, your seedlings would be guaranteed a proper light cycle that is actively beneficial to plants’ growth and health.
But don’t take our word for it! Click here for detailed technical information about the different types of lighting.
Consider investing in a reflector
A reflector is a piece of equipment that bounces light emitted by your grow lamps towards your plants, as opposed to the (empty) sides of your grow space. It promotes brighter, more powerful lighting without any increase in consumption of electricity, or number of lamps/bulbs. Since we are aiming for a *basic* indoor grow setup, you may skip this step if the number of plants grown is low and/or proportional to the total coverage of your basic lighting equipment.
Many a grower uses CFL or MH lamps during the vegetation period, and HPS lamps during the flowering period. This is a sound choice if your budget allows it. If it doesn’t, cater your hardware purchase for the flowering period, and use it during your plants’ entire lifecycle.
Certain types of setups certainly improve the quality of your harvest, but any kind of lamp will make your plants grow and produce buds.
So don’t be scared to start from the bottom: it will give you a point of reference for your future, more advanced indoor grow setups. It will also teach you the basics of tweaking said setup, and of troubleshooting. Regarding reflectors, this does not necessarily have to be a conscious choice: look for “veg lighting kit” and/or “flowering lighting kit” for complete packages.
Your first basic indoor grow setup will teach you how to nurture your plants to harvest the best possible buds. Read more here.
How can I turn my closet into a grow room?
Growpackage Eco Farm
Dec 27, 2019 · 3 min read
Ideally a section of a basement or large room with with surrounding walls makes a very good grow area to set up in. Most growers use a spare bedroom or a closet. Also, you will want the entry point to have a lock on it. Some growers conceal the entrance with a custom-fitted bookshelf door, large painting, or mirror.
Before you make a final decision on your grow area’s location be sure to consider that it MUST contain these elements to guarantee potent plant growth and maximum yields;
- Electricity — Enough power to run everything and safe and properly wired so no fires are started!
- Air — Fresh, and clean with carbon filter, co2 regulator, inline fan for grow room.
- Water — Easy access to water.
- Hidden — Minimizes the chance of theft or unwanted discovery.
- Ventilation — Has to be good
- Temperature — Cool area that stays above at least 60°F (15°C).
- Surrounding Walls — For reflecting and focusing “lost” light properly.
Step 1 — Choose a Suitable Space
Decide on th e size and location of your grow room. You can convert a garage, attic or even a closet to create a grow room. A grow room requires an electrical source (any normal wall outlet will do) and a nearby water supply. Carpets hold more moisture and bacteria so if you have a room with a wood, cement or tile floor that would work best. Lights and pumps create noise, so plan ahead if you are a light sleeper or have neighbors. A room with windows will allow for natural light during the day which will cut down electric usage. The room will require an exhaust fan and vent to provide proper air exchange.
Step 2 — Draw a Floor Plan
Map out your ideas for your grow room on paper. Add dimensions and placement of key elements like, exhaust fans and intake vents. Determine the size of your room, figuring out both the square and cubic feet of the room. This will allow you to purchase the correct size of lights, fans and vents. Decide where in the room your plants will go. This may be determined by where you will have to place lights and exhaust fans due to the outlets and structure of your room.
Step 3 — Insulate the Walls
Line the walls and floor of the room with mylar to prevent moisture damage. Tack the mylar directly on the walls as flat as possible.
TIP: Our expert gardening advisor, Karen Thurber adds, “Mylar will also reflect the light around the room, making maximum use of your light source.”
Step 4 — Install Lights
The lights must match the size of your grow room for maximum effectiveness. Generally, you need one 600 watt grow light for every 5 to 6 feet of room.
Remember also that lights make heat, so the more lights, the bigger the extractor fan you need. If you use natural light during the daylight hours, your lighting system needs to be connected to a relay and timer system.
Step 5 — Install Exhaust and Intake Fans
Drawing in fresh air and expelling hot air is especially important. Air needs to flow in at the bottom of the room and be extracted at the top, where the hottest air would flow naturally. The input fan should be smaller than the output fan. Air needs to flow in from inside the house, where the temperature is stable, to outside the house. Create this exchange of air 30 times per hour.
Additionally, positioning a fan’s airflow toward the grow lights will help keep temperature down.
Step 6 — Water
Lights will cause the plants to dry out quickly, so make sure to water frequently as needed. Often people with indoor grow rooms install a hydroponics system to automate this part of their indoor grow room setup.
Ideally a section of a basement or large room with with surrounding walls makes a very good grow area to set up in. Most growers use a spare bedroom or a closet. Also, you will want the entry point…