What Happens To Your Body The Morning After Smoking Weed
Why you feel blah after eating that brownie.
If you’ve ever been hungover from drinking, then you already know how one night of boozy indulgence can really mess with your mood, well-being, and productivity the next day. And you might have found yourself in a similar sitch the day after eating both halves of a pot brownie. But are weed hangovers real? Some cannabis consumers swear they’ve endured weed-related hangover symptoms, but the experience is far from universal.
If you’ve experienced weird symptoms after staying away from weed for a while, it’s possible that your body has become used to a certain amount of cannabis regularly, and is having difficulty adjusting. “Marijuana withdrawal would be a more appropriate name for [a weeed hangover]” Dr. Scott Braunstein M.D., medical director of healthcare organization Sollis Health, tells Bustle. But a lot of the research on cannabis hangovers is based on people who use it heavily, seven times or more per month, and there’s not a lot of studies about occasional users and how they feel the morning after a big night.
With all of that in mind, here are four commonly reported symptoms of a weed hangover, why they happen, and what you can do to make yourself feel better if you ever experience one.
Dr. Jordan Tishler M.D., an emergency medicine physician and cannabis specialist, tells Bustle that headaches are more likely to happen while you’re still intoxicated. If your head aches the morning after, you might just be dehydrated. A review of cannabis withdrawal symptoms after heavy use published in Current Addiction Reports in 2018 found that headache was a common symptom, along with chills and shakiness. It’s not really clear why this happens, but it’s possible that it’s to do with brain activity.
“Cannabis binds to neuron receptors, and has a complicated effect on neurotransmitters in the brain,” Dr. Braunstein says. “In chronic users, the brain becomes accustomed to a high level of dopamine.” Dopamine is is a neurotransmitter that plays a big role in sensations of pleasure and reward. Without cannabis, dopamine levels can crash possibly leading to migraine, as one 2017 study published in Neurology found. But it’s not clear if all these puzzle pieces fit together for weed smokers.
The next time you spend your Saturday night getting baked with friends, just be sure you’re drinking plenty of water before, during, and after your cannabis adventures.
2. Brain Fog
Of all the reported symptoms of a “weed hangover,” Dr. Tishler says brain fog and fatigue are the ones he anticipates. “The mechanism is unknown, but I suspect largely related [to] over-stimulation of the CB1 receptors.” These are the main receptors in the brain where cannabis ‘docks’, giving you all its positive effects.
If you smoke regularly and then stop, it could mess with your cognitive abilities. “If marijuana use is discontinued, dopamine levels drop and within about one week, the person can feel a state of anxiety, restlessness, irritability, and even depression,” Dr. Braunstein says. This is why cannabis is seen as psychologically addictive, he says; it gives you a hard emotional time if you go through withdrawal. An overview of cannabis withdrawal in 2017 in Substance Abuse & Rehabilitation found that irritability, restlessness, disturbed mood, depression, and anger could all appear as symptoms.
Other than coffee, good food, and lots of sleep, one way to deal with brain fog is to get out and exercise. Try going for a long walk or run, then cool down with some yoga, and take a hot (or cold) shower afterwards. It may not make your mental fogginess go away completely, but you’ll definitely feel sharper and more alert.
3. Feeling Dehydrated
While studies show that THC can bind itself to the CB1 receptors on our salivary glands, causing them to dry up вЂ” aka, dry mouth вЂ” Dr. Tishler tells Bustle that dehydration isn’t directly caused by weed. “Dehydration and dry eyes are really not related to cannabis,” he says. If you’re feeling dried out the day after consuming cannabis, it’s probably because you were already dehydrated when you started smoking; or it might be because you didn’t remember to hydrate while you were getting lifted.
Dehydration is pretty easy to avoid. To rehydrate and recover after waking up dehydrated, drink lots of water, and chow down on water-rich fruits and veggies throughout your day.
For the most part, weed can actually help some people fall asleep more quickly and stay asleep longer. But if you smoke weed before bed, it’s possible that your high could be messing with the quality of your sleep, ultimately making you feel fatigued the day after you smoke. A study published in 2017 in Psychopharmacology also found that withdrawal from cannabis meant a rise in poor sleep quality, so if you’re a heavy user going without for a while, you might feel a bit more tired.
Naturally, the best way to remedy this hangover symptom is by getting lots of sleep вЂ” but if that’s not an option for you due to work or social obligations, then all you can really do is try to treat your body well throughout the day. Drink coffee and water, eat healthy meals, go for a long walk, and consider taking the day off from weed.
The Bottom Line
Dr. Tishler says time is really all any cannabis consumer should need to get back to “normal,” and he advises practicing moderation in all things. “If youвЂ™re experiencing weed hangover, likely youвЂ™re using too much,” Tishler says.
Also worth remembering? Any product that claims to relieve a pot hangover is likely too good to be true. “There are many products claiming to address this problem, or over-intoxication in general, and IвЂ™d advise staying away from them,” Dr. Tishler says. “There is no science yet to suggest that these products are effective, and since they are not regulated at all, thereвЂ™s no reason to expect that they are safe to use.”
Readers should note that laws governing cannabis, hemp and CBD are evolving, as is information about the efficacy and safety of those substances. As such, the information contained in this post should not be construed as legal or medical advice. Always consult your physician prior to trying any substance or supplement.
Dr. Scott Braunstein M.D.
Dr. Jordan Tishler M.D.
Baron, E. P., Lucas, P., Eades, J., & Hogue, O. (2018). Patterns of medicinal cannabis use, strain analysis, and substitution effect among patients with migraine, headache, arthritis, and chronic pain in a medicinal cannabis cohort. https://link.springer.com/article/10.1186/s10194-018-0862-2
Bonnet, U., & Preuss, U. W. (2017). The cannabis withdrawal syndrome: current insights. Substance abuse and rehabilitation, 8, 9вЂ“37. https://doi.org/10.2147/SAR.S109576
DaSilva, A. F., Nascimento, T. D., Jassar, H., Heffernan, J., Toback, R. L., Lucas, S., DosSantos, M. F., Bellile, E. L., Boonstra, P. S., Taylor, J., Casey, K. L., Koeppe, R. A., Smith, Y. R., & Zubieta, J. K. (2017). Dopamine D2/D3 imbalance during migraine attack and allodynia in vivo. Neurology, 88(17), 1634вЂ“1641. https://doi.org/10.1212/WNL.0000000000003861
Jacobus, J., Squeglia, L.M., Escobar, S. et al. Changes in marijuana use symptoms and emotional functioning over 28-days of monitored abstinence in adolescent marijuana users. Psychopharmacology234, 3431вЂ“3442 (2017). https://doi.org/10.1007/s00213-017-4725-3
Mathew, R. J., Wilson, W. H., Turkington, T. G., & Coleman, R. E. (1998). Cerebellar activity and disturbed time sense after THC. https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/9666122
Piper, B. J., Beals, M. L., Abess, A. T., Nichols, S. D., Martin, M. W., Cobb, C. M., & DeKeuster, R. M. (2017). Chronic pain patients’ perspectives of medical cannabis. https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5845915/
Prestifilippo, J. P., FernГЎndez-Solari, J., de la Cal, C., Iribarne, M., Suburo, A. M., Rettori, V., вЂ¦ Elverdin, J. C. (2006). Inhibition of salivary secretion by activation of cannabinoid receptors. https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/16946411
Schlienz, N. J., Budney, A. J., Lee, D. C., & Vandrey, R. (2017). Cannabis Withdrawal: A Review of Neurobiological Mechanisms and Sex Differences. Current addiction reports, 4(2), 75вЂ“81. https://doi.org/10.1007/s40429-017-0143-1
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This article was originally published on Oct. 14, 2015
Cannabis withdrawal can feel like many different things, but people commonly report these four symptoms of a weed hangover.
Ask Miss Grass: How to *Not* Fall Asleep After Smoking Weed?
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Staying woke while you smoke could come down to what you toke—but it may have a lot to do with more psychological factors as well.
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Dear Miss Grass,
I have a weird problem. Smoking weed makes me *super* sleepy. Like, my eyelids get immediately heavy and I pretty much just have to go to bed. I know that doesn’t sound terrible, but TBH it actually sucks. I’d love to enjoy weed the way my friends do—deep thoughts, fun giggles, sexy vibes—but even sativa makes me completely pass out! What’s a weed-girl wannabe to do?
Sleepy Head in Venice, CA
Don’t beat yourself up! That’s really not such a weird problem: Falling asleep after smoking weed is really common; cannabis—and specifically the cannabinoid CBN—is celebrated for its calm-enhancing and sleep-inducing properties, and there’s a whole lot of people who use it solely for that. And, because everyone has a unique biochemistry that reacts to individual substances differently, it’s also not surprising that some people, such as yourself, might experience the sleepy effects of cannabis more strongly than others. Miss Grass personally has more than a handful of buds who share this same conumdrum.
Eliminating shame, stigma, and expectations from the equation is really, really important when it comes to consciously and safely consuming any psycho-active substance.
So, at the very least—and before we get into what to do—please take heart in the fact that you’re certainly not alone and it’s definitely not “weird.” Eliminating shame, stigma, and expectations from the equation is really, really important when it comes to consciously and safely consuming any psycho-active substance. We’ll get more into that in a bit.
But first, let’s talk about why you want to get high without passing out immediately. You mentioned some of the reasons—deep thoughts, fun giggles, sexy vibes—and they’re all good ones. Here are a few personal favorites of mine, just for kicks: an enhanced feeling of whole-ness and connection, increased bodily awareness, more compassion and self-acceptance, and sometimes, even more energy and an enhanced ability to focus. (And, of course, there’s all the potential ways cannabis might help soothe certain physical ailments, too.) So, yeah, it totally makes sense that you’d want to experience any and all of that. Life is short, and, as long as you’re not using cannabis thoughtlessly—and it doesn’t sound like that’s your intention, SH—it can definitely be one of the most magical natural experiences on earth.
Life is short, and, as long as you’re not using cannabis thoughtlessly, it can definitely be one of the most magical natural experiences on earth.
However, as we all know, wanting to experience something and actually being able to are two very separate things. There is a such thing as science after all (contrary to what some people in the current administration think)—and the science of the body can be a fickle mistress indeed; just ask anyone who’s tried to shed a few unwanted pounds or kick an addiction. Shit’s complicated. Metabolisms. Homeostasis. Etcetera etcetera.
When it comes to cannabis and sleep, the science, in a nutshell, is this: cannabinoids and terpenes interact with the endocannabinoid receptors in our brains, causing us to react in certain ways depending on our own biochemistry. “ THC can be helpful in calming down the activity in the frontal cortex—which can be helpful for people whose mind can’t slow down, ” says Samantha Miller, chief scientist at Pure Analytics. Introducing THC to your particular brain, SH—if you’re the type who likes to make a lot of lists and can’t stop thinking—sounds like it may be fully allowing you to relax, which isn’t necessarily a bad thing. But that isn’t what you always want, so Miller recommends experimenting with a “ CBD-dominant cannabis for a mood shift without drowsiness. ”
It may take a bit of experimentation to find out what works best with your individual biochemistry. Practicing doesn’t just apply to getting good at the piano or surfing, you know?
And, it turns out that the amount of CBD in a strain can really make a difference—maybe more so than if the cannabis you consume is sativa or indica. But it may take a bit of experimentation to find out what works best with your individual biochemistry. For example, in some studies, high CBD has been shown to help induce sleep, while low dose CBD can actually have stimulant effects. You mentioned you’ve tried sativa. It’s definitely true that sativa is marketed as being more stimulating than indica, but assuming that any indica will calm stress and any sativa will lift your spirits is not a good idea because a lot of other variables can come into play—like the terpenes and other cannabinoids in the strain.
Plus, some experts also think that it may take a several consumption sessions to get your endocannabinoid receptors turned on and working full throttle. If that ’s true, that means the more times you consume, the better at experiencing and parsing out the desired effects you ’ll get. Practicing doesn’t just apply to getting good at the piano or surfing, you know? There ’s a reason some so-called “ stoners ” are so high functioning—they “practiced” a lot and figured out what works for them.
If all this sounds like a whole lot of conflicting info, that’s understandable. Bottom line is there just isn’t a ton of research into why people react to smoking weed differently than others and there are no hard and fast rules. But you know what there is more research on? A little thing called set and setting. And, for what it’s worth, I personally suspect that set and setting might be just as important as—if not more important than—a substance’s chemical properties.
Set and setting might be just as important as—if not more important than—a substance’s chemical properties.
The phrase, which was coined in the ’ 60s by one of the most important pioneers in psychedelic therapy, Timothy Leary, refers to how the combination of two factors— the mental state you bring to the experience, like thoughts, mood, and expectations (set); and the physical and social environment that the experience actually occurs in (setting)— can influence a psychedelic experience for better or worse . And more recent research also suggests that set and setting can completely change how a person experiences a substance. (Just google the placebo effect to go down that rabbit hole.)
SH, you didn’t mention how many times you’ve smoked weed or in what situations, but I highly recommend keeping set and setting in mind next time you consume. Not to over simplify, but if you expect to fall asleep every time you consume weed, you may actually be setting yourself up to do just that. Self-fulfilling prophesy, right? So, set some new intentions for your experience and make sure to put yourself in a setting that isn’t your usual smoking situation. Changing up the time of day, the place you smoke, the people you smoke with, what you’re doing while you smoke (some people even like to toke and work out!) and even what you’re wearing can have a bigger effect than you may realize. (There ’s a reason shamans make everyone wear white before a ceremony! This stuff matters.)
Cannabis and other psycho-active substances lift the veil of everyday consciousness, which has the potential to bring thoughts, memories, and feelings to the surface that, for whatever reason, you may not be willing to deal with.
Also, perhaps most importantly, know this: because cannabis (and other psycho-active substances) lift the veil of everyday consciousness, it has the potential to bring thoughts, memories, and feelings to the surface that, for whatever reason, you may not be willing to deal with. It’s completely possible that, without you even realizing it, your ego or intellect isn ’ t allowing you to be fully present to the entire cannabis experience, and therefore sleepiness is the main thing you feel. (This may also be why some people feel more anxious or paranoid after smoking weed.) It ’ s sort of like a physiological, self-protective cock block, if you will. It may be worth exploring (ideally with the help of a therapist) why that may be—especially if there’s past trauma in your life you haven’t fully dealt with.
Because, ultimately, facing challenging thoughts and uncomfortable feelings is precisely what makes smoking weed and using other psychotropics so healing—and why they’ve become the basis for a lot of really promising types of new treatments and therapies in the realms of PTSD and depression. Dealing with those types of feelings with assistance allows us to move past them so we can fully enjoy everything else in our lives—including the full effects of cannabis, if that ’ s what we choose.
In Leary’s The Psychedelic Experience, he emphasizes the importance of surrendering to the substance: “whenever in doubt, turn off your mind, relax, float downstream,” he writes. He was referring to LSD, of course, but there’s no reason that advice can’t apply to smoking weed. And, fun fact, those words eventually became lyrics in The Beatles song Tomorrow Never Knows, so there you go.
Not falling asleep after smoking weed could have a lot to do with psychological factors like set and setting as well and not strains.