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When this happens, your females begin producing seeds and less THC. Most growers only use males to produce seeds and ensure they are kept well away from the females. For the record, female buds appear approximately two weeks later than males. In this guide, we show you how pruning, feeding, lighting, and training are vital to growing large buds. For the uninitiated, a plant’s node is where a branch or leaf grows off the stalk.

The node is also where you’ll find your cannabis buds. The bigger the plant, the more nodes that spring up. As a result, there are more places where buds can grow. However, don’t make the mistake of assuming that an increase in nodes automatically means more abundant and bigger buds. A plant with a lot of nodes with buds near the bottom will attempt to develop during the flowering stage. However, as they don’t receive enough light, there is no way they can grow to a considerable size. Therefore, pruning away the plant life that isn’t getting enough light is the key to success. Pruning, i.e., removing the small shoots between the trunk and branches, helps the marijuana plant develop huge buds. Which would you prefer; a lot of small and light buds or a few large and heavy ones?

We recommend pruning during the vegetative stage to ensure the plant has time to recover and grow large leaves. Wait a minimum of 72 hours after pruning before forcing your plants into the flowering stage. As a bonus, remove dying leaves when the plant reaches the flowering stage. These leaves do nothing other than take up resources and energy better spent elsewhere. They have a high enough THC content to make cannabutter as long as you dry and cure them properly. You must ensure your marijuana plants receive enough Nitrogen (N), Phosphorus (P), and Potassium (K) at varying stages of the growth cycle. Typically, your plants need more N during the vegetative stage, and more P and K during flowering. Buds thrive on Phosphorus, so try a mix of 30% P, 10% K, and 10% N; i.e., NPK 10-30-10. When you add the right amount of P, you help the buds fully develop and become denser. If you’re using soil as a growing medium, add a layer of worm castings or bat guano to boost P levels. You can also add a compost tea mixture to the soil during flowering. This process increases mycelium in the soil, which ensures your plant absorbs a higher percentage of nutrients. There are a few other things to consider when feeding your plant: pH: If growing in soil, keep the pH at around 6.0. The pH level of the soil impacts a marijuana plant’s ability to absorb nutrients. For instance, marijuana plants don’t absorb magnesium well when the pH level is too low. Carbon Dioxide: Also known as CO2, carbon dioxide is crucial to the flowering and overall growth of your cannabis plant. For the record, there is usually 350-400 ppm of carbon dioxide in the air. Your plants combine that CO2 with light energy to create the sugars it needs. If you add more CO2 to a grow room, be careful because high levels are hazardous for humans. Temperature & Humidity: For seedlings, the ideal temperature range is 68-77 degrees Fahrenheit with 70% humidity when the lights are on. When the lights are off, turn down the temperature to between 59 and 72 degrees Fahrenheit.

Also, make sure the maximum difference between day and night temperature is 18 degrees. When plants reach flowering, they can tolerate up to 82 degrees Fahrenheit. Also, cut humidity by 5% a week until it reaches 40%. The light intensity that your plants are exposed to will dictate whether or not you benefit from big buds. Premium quality cannabis strains in dispensaries have been exposed to an optimum amount of light. This is true whether they were grown indoors or outdoors. As a general rule, 100 Watts covers one square foot. For instance, you need a 400-Watt light to cover a 4’ x 4’ area.

When plants don’t receive enough light, they fail to produce large buds. They may become tall and thin because they ‘reach’ to desperately find the light source. Poor lighting during the vegetative stage means your plants will grow uneven colas. From that point onward, it will become challenging to distribute the light evenly and effectively.

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