Either way, this state of affairs has resulted in a Hodge-Podge of laws that at many times seem at odds with one another. The fact is, marijuana is still defined as a Schedule I drug , making it an illegal federal substance. However, each state has been given leeway in determining how marijuana can be used, grown and distributed. The passage of the Farm Bill in 2018 made CBD derived from hemp federally legal.
The status of whole plant marijuana is another issue altogether when it comes to each state. In some states, marijuana is completely legal, while in others it is restricted. Still, some, like the state of Iowa, criminalize marijuana use for both medicinal and recreational purposes but allow individuals to use and purchase CBD oils. territories like Guam, it has only been recently approved for recreational use (it was approved for medicinal usage back in 2015). Despite these laws, the federal government could theoretically burst into a California dispensary and arrest everyone on sight, though this is incredibly unlikely – especially based on statements in recent years that have reassured users that MMJ programs will not be tampered with. Regardless, everything is still a little confusing. You can currently buy weed openly in one state for fun, use it for a medical condition in another (with a valid MMJ card), or have no chance of smoking it legally at all in some states. With such a bizarre list of cannabis laws that vary in every single state, it is hardly a surprise that would-be marijuana growers don’t know what the hell is going on. In this state-by-state guide, we aim to make the waters less muddy and outline the states where you can grow weed and the maximum amount of plants you can cultivate. [Please note that only in some states it is legal to grow marijuana – even in some states with medical marijuana programs, personal cultivation may be prohibited .
None of the information in this article should be used for unlawful growing purposes.] The State-By-State Breakdown to Growing Marijuana. Knowing the laws of every state is SUPER confusing, so we hope the following guide can serve as a useful resource if you intend to cultivate cannabis in a specific state or are simply curious about the laws. Weed is legal in Alaska for both medical and recreational purposes. However, users cannot consume marijuana in public spaces. According to new state laws, adults aged 21 and older may possess, grow and gift up to six marijuana plants. Be aware, however, that only three of these plants can be mature and flowering at any given time. No more than 12 marijuana plants are allowed on the premises, regardless of how many adults who are 21 and over reside there. The law also explicitly states that only six or less can be mature and flowering. Although Arkansas has some pretty stiff penalties regarding recreational or personal use (possessing just one ounce for personal use can land you in jail for up to one year and a fine of up to $2,500). Marijuana for medicinal purposes became legal for sale in May of 2019. Patients and designated caregivers must apply for and be approved for MMJ cards. There are currently a little over 30 dispensaries in this state. As legalization across the country looms, this number may increase. Those interested in cultivating marijuana can only do so for medical purposes and must be a qualifying patient or caregiver. Marijuana can be grown on the patient’s or caregiver’s premises but must be kept in an enclosed and locked space. Recently, during the amendment of HB 2537, the number of plants that could be grown on any given premises went from 12 to 6. Today California law allows for the cultivation of up to six plants for recreational adult use. The law also allows for up to 100 square feet of area per residence to be dedicated to the cultivation of medical marijuana. There are no limits to the number of plants that can be grown for medicinal purposes  . Colorado was the second state to legalize weed for recreational use via Amendment 64, which came into effect in December of 2012. Adults over the age of 21 are allowed to grow up to six plants with three mature and flowering at any given time. Medical marijuana growers must adhere to the same law although a caregiver can claim up to 5 patients and grow up to 36 plants. Recreational or personal use of marijuana is not legal in Connecticut, though it has been somewhat decriminalized.
Those found guilty of possession of unauthorized marijuana could find themselves facing fines and fees, though no jail time if it is under half an ounce. If you have more than that, you could be facing a year in jail and a fine of at least $2000 or even both. Individuals who are using marijuana for medical purposes can do so legally if they meet certain requirements. Once they have applied for a state MMJ card or get one as a caregiver, they can go to a dispensary of their choosing. However, marijuana cannot be consumed in public spaces. Medical marijuana patients can have up to 2.5 ounces on their persons without breaking state law. Qualifying patients and their caregivers are allowed to purchase weed from a dispensary. They are excluded from the growing of any marijuana for either medical or personal use. Patients can have up to three ounces on their person but no more within a two-week period. A qualifying patient or caregiver with a “329” card is allowed to grow a maximum of ten mature plants and must be an MMJ cardholder.
The area where the plants are grown must also be registered with the Hawaii Department of Health. Those seeking to use marijuana recreationally can do so and have it on their person if it is not over an ounce.