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difference between weed and dabs

Shatter vs. Wax: What’s The Difference?

“Hey HMJ, shatter vs. wax—what’s the deal?” We get asked that question, in one form or another, at least twenty times a day via face-to-face conversations, email, fax (yes, fax), text message, IM, and every other form of conventional and electronic communication you can think of. At this point, we’re waiting for the question to arrive via psychic waves. After that, our life will be complete.

The question has become so ubiquitous it recently topped the list of most-common questions (right above the long-time king, “Who are the Grateful Dead and why are they following me?”). To answer that question—shatter vs. wax , not the omnipresence of Jerry Garcia and his cohorts—we’ve put together this article that outlines the difference between cannabis concentrates and talks about why they are so great.

But before we can talk about the present, we need to talk about the past and how marijuana consumption morphed into what it is today. Let’s start with smoking.

Smoking Marijuana

Smoking marijuana has been around for a long time. It’s an age-old, tried-and-trusted method that probably originated soon after the caveman figured out he could make fire.

In fact, after consuming some prehistoric bud, I wouldn’t be surprised if some mile-high caveman had the bright idea to invent the wheel (we’ve all had those strokes of “genius”, right?) because he needed a faster way to make his munchie runs. But what about eating marijuana?

Ingesting marijuana like food (oregano?) may have been the way cannabis was originally discovered. We don’t know for sure if it was ingested or smoked first, but we do know that cannabis was already in use in China between 10,000 and 2,000 B.C.

It’s not hard to imagine an ancient Chinese emperor plucking the leaves off a cannabis plant to steep as a tea for the psychoactive and medicinal benefits it holds. In fact, weed tea has been, and still is, a common cannabis staple in many east and southeast Asian countries.

Though weed tea never really caught on in the United States, in modern times (a.k.a. the early 20th century), we damn near perfected the development of the pot brownie. You’re welcome, world!

So smoking and ingesting have been the primary means of marijuana consumption since the very beginning. Now, though, a new method of consumption is gaining in popularity: dabbing. It’s in dabbing that we first encounter the questions surrounding shatter vs. wax. But before we get to that, let’s delve into dabbing so we know what this method of getting high is all about.

What Is Dabbing?

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Dabbing is the process of heating butane hash oil, or BHO (we’ll get to that in a minute), using a special rig (a bong equipped for the purpose also known as an oil rig), and then inhaling the resultant vapor. So yeah, you could say it’s kind of like smoking, but that would be like saying that a Boeing 747 is kind of like the Wright Brother’s first plane. Sure, they both fly, but that’s where the similarities end.

Dabbing gets its name from the tiny dabs of concentrate (BHO or otherwise) that are used in combination with the oil rig to get high. That’s dabbing in a nutshell. But let’s take a moment to touch on what makes dabbing so special…and so controversial: butane hash oil.

BHO is a cannabis concentrate (again, we’ll get to that in a minute) that can exhibit an average potency much higher than the herb you smoke. Here’s how it breaks down:

  • Concentrates – 80% or more THC
  • Regular herb – Between 15 and 20% on average

That’s a huge difference! Concentrates are three to four times more potent than regular buds that are smoked or ingested. Think about how high you got last time you smoked your favorite strain of Girl Scout Cookies.

Now multiply that high by four and you can quickly see why the difference in potency is so important. In fact, the extreme potency was the reason this new process was given the name dabbing…because just a dab’ll do ya.

So we mentioned the fact that butane hash oil is a concentrate with a pretty powerful kick. But what, exactly, are concentrates and how do they get to be so awesome? We’ll answer that in the next section.

What Are Concentrates?

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Now that we’ve talked about the process of dabbing in general, we can get down to the specifics of the concentrates dabbing uses. Concentrates are just what their name implies: concentrated versions of the original marijuana buds.

Through a process called solvent extraction, the trichomes and other chemical goodies that make up the psychoactive and medicinal components of the cannabis plant are stripped from the plant matter. When the stripping process has run its full course, all that’s left are the cannabinoids (THC, CBD, CBN, etc.), the terpenes, and the flavonoids. This is the concentrate that makes dabbing so great.

Solvent extraction can be performed using a number of different chemicals such as isopropyl alcohol, chloroform, and carbon dioxide (just to name a few). But, by far, the most common solvent used to make concentrates is butane.

When butane is used, the final product is called butane hash oil or BHO. In the next section, we’ll talk about this most common of concentrates, and get intimate with the two forms mentioned in the title: shatter and wax.

Butane Hash Oil (BHO)

The most common way to get the concentrates we’ve been speaking of is through butane extraction. At its most basic, this extraction method forces butane through cannabis plant material to “pull off” the essential oils (made up of cannabinoids, terpenes, and flavonoids).

These oils, known as butane hash oil (BHO), are collected, the butane is allowed to evaporate, and you’re left with a highly-concentrated substance that, when vaporized, results in what some call, an instant high. This high is also reported to be more powerful (much more powerful) and last longer than the conventional, herb-induced high.

Butane is not the only solvent you can use to produce a concentrate. It is one of the more widely-used solvents because it does a good job at pulling out all the important chemicals from the cannabis plant.

That said, butane can be very dangerous to use because it is highly flammable. That’s why we don’t recommend using butane extraction at home to make your own concentrate. There are much safer ways to produce a concentrate (like ice-water extraction) than to risk life and limb trying to emulate the professionals and their professional-level equipment.

On top of that, there’s the toxicity of butane to consider. Butane is a toxic substance and trace amounts (we’re talking molecules here) can be left behind in the concentrate. Small amounts of butane probably won’t hurt you much, if at all. Disposable lighters, for example, use butane, and you’re likely inhaling some molecules when you light your joint, your bong, or even your cigarette.

Over time, though, those butane molecules that you inhale could have a cumulative effect on your body. If you want to give dabbing a try and are concerned about the effects butane may have on your health, we suggest using a concentrate that is produced using non-toxic methods.

Getting back to butane hash oil, BHO is the term we use to refer to ALL concentrates that have been produced through butane extraction–it’s the umbrella term for shatter vs wax vs everything else.

We could get really specific and refer to the products as BHO shatter or BHO wax. This would help us distinguish between concentrates produced by different methods, but it has a tendency to become a mouthful after a while. If you’re looking for a concentrate produced by a specific method, just ask the budtender at your local dispensary.

Underneath BHO, then, are the different forms the concentrate can take like budder, honeycomb, and crumble. So if you list the terms we’ve talked about from most general to most specific, it would look like this:

  1. Concentrate (general term for solvent-extracted oil)
  2. Butane hash oil (refers to the method by which it was produced)
  3. Budder, wax, crumble, shatter (refers to the appearance of the final product)

At the moment, our favorite concentrates are shatters and waxes. Let’s look at each individually.

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Shatter

Shatter is a translucent–sometimes transparent–concentrate that looks an awful lot like rock candy or a Jolly Rancher. Just like other concentrates produced using butane, it is produced by forcing the chemical through cannabis material to produce an amber liquid like the one shown below.

Left to “cool”, this amber liquid solidifies into shatter which often has the consistency of thin peanut brittle.

Shatter’s transparent quality results from the temperatures used during the extraction and finishing process (as well as other variables) and can only be described by some pretty heavy chemical jargon.

To put it in simpler terms, think about the molecules in the BHO (that amber liquid) as Lego blocks. In shatter, they’re all stacked nice and neat, one on top of the other, like you had just built a wall. This molecular alignment allows light to pass through and gives the shatter it’s brittle format.

Like shatter, wax is a BHO concentrate that has the consistency of coconut oil and looks, for lack of a better description, like ear wax. Like shatter, wax starts off as the amber liquid that results from butane extraction.

Whether by accident or by design, the extracted oil is agitated or heated differently to produce an opaque material that can range in consistency from peanut butter to the aforementioned ear wax to honeycomb.

Avoiding all the technical chemistry jargon, let’s go back to the Lego block analogy. While the Lego blocks in shatter are stacked neatly in rows (like a block wall), the Lego blocks in wax are a jumbled mess (like you’ve just dumped them out into a pile).

Because the Lego blocks are going every which way and have no semblance of organization, wax is opaque and has that coconut oil consistency. Granted, both of these descriptions are overly-simplified–I certainly wouldn’t use them on a chemistry test–but they can help you visualize what’s going on at the molecular level.

So What’s The Difference?

Nothing really. Both shatter and wax are BHO concentrates that have roughly the same THC potency. They’re both used in dabbing. And they both provide a more powerful, longer-lasting high. The only real difference is in their appearance. This appearance is merely a product of how the concentrate is produced.

That said, there are some use and storage differences that need to be considered:

  • Shatter can be more difficult to produce (it’s very finicky).
  • Wax can be easier to produce (you don’t have to be as careful).
  • Shatter is more stable and tends to last longer.
  • Wax is less stable and tends to degrade faster.
  • Shatter can be harder to handle, measure, and use because of its brittle nature.
  • Wax is usually easier to handle, measure, and use because of its coconut oil consistency.

How Do You Use Shatter And Wax?

Shatter and wax are both consumed using a dabbing rig. A dab rig is basically a modified bong who’s bowl accommodates a dab nail instead of bud nugs.

See the gold-looking thing in the upper right corner of the picture (where the bud bowl on a bong would be)? That’s the dabbing nail. To get your daba-daba-doo on, you scoop a bit of wax with your dab tool (a.k.a. a dabber) or drop a few shards of shatter onto the nail. Then you ignite your blow torch (Yes, really. Trust us, it works better than matches.) and put flame to nail.

From there, it’s just a matter of inhaling as much of the smoke as is physically possible. As we’ve mentioned in other parts of this article, the hit from a dab rig is A LOT more potent than your standard joint, blunt, Thai stick, or vaporizer.

That’s because the shatter and wax you burn in the dab rig are concentrated canna-goodness. There are no plant matter molecules left floating around waiting to be inhaled. And there are no impurities or additives to get in the way.

All that’s left are the cannabinoids, terpenes, flavonoids, and trichomes. It’s this stuff that gives marijuana the psychedelic kick that makes us love it so much.

Which Do You Choose: Shatter vs Wax?

The best way to answer the shatter vs wax question is to try them both for yourself. I mean, really, how can you go wrong? It’s marijuana after all. Plus you can use it as an excuse to “consume” more of your favorite strains (we can’t even say smoke now, can we).

Call it a science experiment. “Leave me alone, Ma! I’m doing science…by the way, do we have any Twinkies?” I wonder if you could get a grant for something like that (without the Twinkies, of course)?

So whether you buy it or produce it yourself, concentrates (like shatter and wax) can be an interesting addition to your marijuana arsenal. Yeah, you’ll need some new equipment and you’ll need to learn how to use it, but that’s half the fun.

ShatterNot sure about the difference between shatter vs. wax, but really want to know? The experts at Honest Marijuana tell you everything you need to know.

What are cannabis concentrates and how do you consume them?

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Contents

  1. What are concentrates and extracts?
  2. How to talk about concentrates
  3. Textures and consistencies
  4. Smoking methods
  5. What are the main extraction types?
  6. How do you make different textures?

From weed oil cartridges to medicated muscle creams, you can find cannabis concentrates in hundreds of products.

Concentrates are products made from the cannabis plant that have been processed to keep only the most desirable plant compounds (primarily the cannabinoids and terpenes), while removing excess plant material and other impurities. Ounce for ounce, marijuana concentrates have a greater proportion of cannabinoids and terpenes when compared to natural cannabis flowers.

Concentrates can also help increase the potency of your flower. The next time you pack a bowl with cannabis flower, try sprinkling kief on top, or add drops of concentrate oil to cannabis flower before rolling your joint. Cannabis concentrate products can also be consumed on their own. For example, concentrates can be vaporized using a portable vaporizer or dab rig (this activity is referred to as “dabbing”). Dabbing has quickly become one of the most popular consumption methods in the market.

In order to prepare yourself for the diverse world of cannabis concentrates, it’s important to learn about each type, how to dab or consume them, as well as how they are made. That way, the next time someone asks you: what is marijuana wax or cannabis concentrate? You can bestow your newly acquired wealth of knowledge upon them.

Concentrates let you experience cannabis in a multitude of ways; they come in a variety of textures and can be consumed using several different methods. Photo by: Gina Coleman/Weedmaps

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Concentrates let you experience cannabis in a multitude of ways; they come in a variety of textures and can be consumed using several different methods. The look and feel of a concentrate doesn’t necessarily indicate its level of quality (effects, flavor, potency); these are simply aesthetics that can help you keep track of your personal preferences.

One of the leading benefits of concentrates is the rapid onset time and the ability to yield a high more potent than consuming cannabis flower. Concentrates have a high bioavailability, meaning the effects you feel and experience, as well as the rate of absorption into your body, happen almost immediately. The effects of a cannabis concentrate can last anywhere from 1 to 3 hours, depending on the person.

What are concentrates and extracts?

Concentrates come in many forms and include the most desirable parts of something. For example, orange juice concentrate has the smell and taste of the orange fruit, but without the excess fluid, peel or pulp. The same is true for the cannabis plant: the aromas, flavors, and other desirable substances can be retained while removing the leaves, stems, and other unwanted materials.

Extracts are a specific type of concentrate that use solvents to draw out the desired substances of a plant, seed or fruit. For example, vanilla extract is produced by using alcohol as a solvent to pull out the desired flavor component, vanillin, from vanilla bean pods.

The cannabis plant has complex compounds, or chemical substances, that can be used in a multitude of products. These compounds affect the look, smell, flavor, and texture, as well as physiological or psychoactive effects (if any) of cannabis products. The most desirable cannabis compounds are found throughout the cannabis plant in small, sparkling structures called trichomes. A cannabis concentrate refers to any product created by the accumulation of the trichomes from the plant.

The most desirable cannabis compounds are found throughout the cannabis plant in small, sparkling structures called trichomes. Photo by: Gina Coleman/Weedmaps

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These frosty appendages coat the entire surface of the plant, especially the flower buds. Trichomes contain all the cannabinoids (THC, CBD, etc.) and terpenes that give different cannabis cultivars, or strains, their unique aromas and physical effects.

Compared to the raw plant form of marijuana, cannabis concentrates offer a more potent high, quicker onset of action, and a wider range of consumption methods. Depending on your consumption preferences and tolerance level, the ideal dose can vary widely from person to person and even product to product.

Compared to the raw plant form of marijuana, cannabis concentrates offer a more potent high, quicker onset of action, and a wider range of consumption methods. Photo by: Gina Coleman/Weedmaps

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Cannabis concentrates are diverse and used in a wide range of products. With a selection of options, you can fine-tune your cannabis experience and find the ideal combination of cannabinoids and terpenes that appeals to your taste and provides the most benefit.

Is there a difference between a concentrate and an extract?

All extracts are concentrates, but not all concentrates are extracts. While those terms are used interchangeably, the primary difference between a concentrate and an extract is how trichomes are collected. Extracts are a type of concentrate created using solvents (alcohol, carbon dioxide, etc.) that essentially wash the trichomes off the cannabis plant. Concentrates made without the use of solvents are produced using mechanical or physical means to remove and gather trichomes.

Butane Hash Oil (BHO), Rick Simpson Oil (RSO) and CO2-extracted cannabis wax are examples of extracts; each of these comes in varying textures such as shatter, badder, budder, and crumble. Different extracts and the varying textures may yield different experiences from one product to another.

Rosin, dry sift and kief are examples of concentrates that are made without using solvents.

How to talk about concentrates

“Reduced Fat Homogenized Ultra-Pasteurized Milk” is also known as “2% milk,” but that may sound baffling until you’re familiar with the product and its name. Once you familiarize yourself with the terminology used with concentrates, the more comfortable you’ll feel when reviewing descriptions and labels. The product names can seem complex. For example, a product named “Hardcore OG Nug Run Shatter” may sound confusing. What do each of these words mean?

Producers and manufacturers use specific words and phrases to help you identify key characteristics and qualities of cannabis concentrates. Certain terms may be used on labels and descriptions on concentrate products to identify:

  • The type of cannabis plant materials used to make the concentrate
  • The processing techniques
  • The resulting textures
  • The intended consumption methods

Input materials

Everything starts off with cannabis plant material. The cannabis plant’s flower buds, leaves, and stems are collectively referred to as the starting, or input material. The input material can alter the resulting cannabinoid and terpene profile of the cannabis concentrate. Additionally, the quality or grade of the input material also affects the potency and flavor of its resulting concentrates.

Process type

Cannabis concentrates are products created by the accumulation of trichomes (the gland that makes the cannabinoids and terpenes). There are a variety of ways to separate the trichomes from the starting material. Each of these processes needs its own specific materials and/or physical actions, or methods, in order to produce a concentrate.

Consistencies

Once the cannabinoids and terpenes have been removed from the plant material, the resulting solution can take a variety of forms. These forms allow patients and consumers to pick and choose their preferred texture of the concentrate product; they aren’t necessarily an indicator of how the concentrate will taste or affect an individual.

Once the cannabinoids and terpenes have been removed from the plant material, the resulting solution can take a variety of forms. Photo by: Gina Coleman/Weedmaps

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Dabbing equipment

Concentrates are safe, yet potent. To consume a cannabis concentrate safely and effectively, you must have a specific setup with the appropriate equipment in order to properly activate the concentrated cannabinoids and terpenes. A fair amount of thought should be put into the components when building the ideal dab rig. For instance, some users prefer to dab their concentrates on a titanium nail, while others might opt for quartz nails or bangers. While quartz is less durable than titanium, it heats up much faster than titanium and offers a cleaner taste. Depending on the banger nail, most users will heat it up for around 30 seconds or until the banger starts to show an orange or red hot glow.

To consume a cannabis concentrate safely and effectively, you must have a specific setup with the appropriate equipment in order to properly activate the concentrated cannabinoids and terpenes. Photo by: Gina Coleman/Weedmaps

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Textures and consistencies

Terms like shatter, badder, crumble, sugar, oil, and sauce refer to a concentrates’ appearance (texture, color, malleability). ­In other words, these terms simply inform us about the look and feel of the concentrate. For example, a concentrate product with the name “Nug Run Blue Dream Shatter” tells you three things:

  1. The strain of the cannabis plant used was “Blue Dream”
  2. “Nug run” indicates that the plant material used to make the extract was dried and cured flower
  3. The extract has a “shatter”-like consistency and texture

The following seven terms describe the most common concentrate textures found in the market.

Shatter, budder, badder, and crumble

Shatter is known for its brittle, glass-like texture. It can also have a snap-and-pull consistency. (Imagine taffy candy being pulled really tight before snapping). Shatters usually have a golden yellow to bright amber color throughout.

Budder and Badder are oilier and softer in texture. (Think of a stick of butter or cake batter.) They’re malleable, easy to handle and have a sun yellow to bright orange coloring. The butter-like consistency allows the extract to be easily used as a spread on blunts or joints, or to be dabbed using a dab rig.

Crumble is a brittle version of budder or badder. As the name suggests, it has a crumbly-like honeycomb consistency. The color tends to be similar to budder or badder, but instead of having a glossy texture, they tend to have a matted shade of yellow.

Top: Shatter, Badder
Bottom: Budder, Crumble Photo by: Gina Coleman/Weedmaps

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Sugar, sauce, and crystalline

Sugar is a term used for any concentrate that has a similar consistency to wet, sappy sugar. They’re not uniform in nature and typically have colors ranging from a bright yellow to a deep amber.

Sauce is thicker, more viscous in texture and looks stickier. The color of sauce can range from deep amber to bright mustard. Sauce is similar to sugar in both its consistency and color, but has a more uniform and prominent crystalline structure.

Crystalline is a single, crystallized compound. Just as the name implies, THCa and CBD crystalline are white crystals that can vary in density and size from small rocks to powder.

Top: Sugar, Crystalline
Bottom: Sauce Photo by: Gina Coleman/Weedmaps

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Smoking methods

A cannabis concentrate can be consumed in a variety of ways, from sprinkling it on a bowl or adding it to a joint for added potency, to vaporizing them using a dab rig or portable vape pen. The ideal method for consumption depends on the type and texture of the selected concentrate as well as the personal habits of the person consuming. When deciding which method will work best, first consider the tools you have at your disposal and the texture of the concentrate. Perhaps you’ve seen extracts like shatter and badder and wondered how best to smoke them? These extracts are malleable and easy to use in a dab rig, while powdery concentrates, such as kief and crumble, can be easily enjoyed by adding them to a more stable foundation like flower. Here are some of the most common methods for smoking or vaporizing concentrates.

Topping your flower

Adding powdered kief to your bowl, or wrapping wax around a joint, are the most cost-effective methods to using cannabis concentrates. These methods don’t require any of the expensive tools necessary to dab oil, while still increasing the potency of your smoke and adding extra flavor from the concentrate.

Adding powdered kief to your bowl, or wrapping wax around a joint, are the most cost-effective methods to using cannabis concentrates. Photo by: Gina Coleman/Weedmaps

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Dabbing

The most popular way to consume cannabis concentrates is by vaporizing the concentrate using a “dab rig.” This method consists of heating a “nail” (made from either glass, ceramic, or titanium) and then applying the concentrate directly onto the hot surface, instantly turning it into a vapor for consumption.

The most popular way to consume cannabis concentrates is by vaporizing the concentrate using a “dab rig.” Photo by: Gina Coleman/Weedmaps

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Vaporizers

Pre-filled vape pen

Vaping is the most discreet and portable option for consuming cannabis concentrates. The most common form of vaping is a pre-filled cartridge that attaches to a battery. The cartridge contains a heating element that comes in contact with the battery and heats the concentrate when activated. This battery-and-cartridge combination is collectively referred to as a vape pen. Standard vape pens are operated by pressing a button or, in the case of a buttonless pen, simply taking a drag from the mouthpiece of the cartridge. These pre-filled cartridges aren’t refillable and are to be discarded after the concentrate runs out, but the battery can be saved and reused many times.

Vaping is the most discreet and portable option for consuming cannabis concentrates. Photo by: Gina Coleman/Weedmaps

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Handheld vaporizer

If you want to know how to use cannabis oil in a more discreet and portable way, look into using a handheld vaporizer. With a vaporizer, you manually fill a chamber with any type of concentrate and attach the chamber to a battery. The chamber typically contains a heating coil that turns the concentrate into a vapor when the user presses a button. Unlike a dab rig, this method does not require any additional equipment, but still gives you the ability to pre-fill the chamber with any type of concentrate and use it on demand.

With a vaporizer, you manually fill a chamber with any type of concentrate and attach the chamber to a battery. Photo by: Gina Coleman/Weedmaps

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What are the main extraction types?

If you want to learn how to make THC oil or other forms of cannabis concentrate, there are two ways of doing so: physically separating the trichome from the plant or using liquid solvents.

Physical separation

During the physical separation process, trichome glands are removed from the cannabis starting material using a physical action, like shaking or pressing. Think of the trichome glands as fruit on a citrus tree: physical separation is similar to the shaking of a citrus tree to remove the fruit.

When creating dry sift, for example, cannabis is shaken through a series of screens in specific sizes to ensure only the trichome heads make it through to the final product. Rosin is created using a targeted combination of heat and pressure to squeeze the desired compounds out of the plant. The key concept of physical separation is that a direct physical action results in the expression of trichomes.

Liquid solvent extraction

All solvent extractions use the same basic workflow: a liquid solvent is used to separate the active compounds from the trichome gland to yield a solution. This solution must be further refined until nothing but the desired compounds remain.

Due to the volatility of these solvents, technicians typically use closed-loop extraction systems, which allow them to safely control elements like temperature and pressure in order to achieve the optimal result.

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Due to the volatility of these solvents, technicians typically use closed-loop extraction systems, which allow them to safely control elements like temperature and pressure in order to achieve the optimal result. Depending on the solvent selected, the resulting extract is put into a vacuum oven to ensure complete solvent removal prior to consumption.

How do you make different textures?

Different textures are the result of deliberate steps taken before or after the initial extraction process.

Shatter

Shatter is one of the most versatile textures. In fact, many other textures, such as budder and crumble, start off as shatter. Shatter is known for its resemblance to brittle glass, which shatters on contact, but can also have a “snap and pull” consistency that gives it elastic-like properties. Shatter should be vaporized using a dab rig, and can be created using a variety of solvent extraction methods, the most popular of which include BHO, PHO, EHO, and CO2.

Shatter is known for its resemblance to brittle glass, which shatters on contact, but can also have a “snap and pull” consistency that gives it elastic-like properties. Photo by: Gina Coleman/Weedmaps

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Badder and budder

The textures badder and budder are the result of agitating terpene-rich shatter into a more creamy consistency. To achieve this frosting-like texture, technicians whip the shatter under low and even temperatures to introduce and redistribute air molecules. The volume of these air molecules determines the density of the resulting texture.

The textures badder and budder are the result of agitating terpene-rich shatter into a more creamy consistency. Photo by: Gina Coleman/Weedmaps

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Crumble

Crumble is shatter that has been whipped, like badder and budder, and then purged in a vacuum oven at low temperatures to “dry” the concentrate while retaining its cannabinoid and terpene content.

Crumble is shatter that has been whipped and then purged in a vacuum oven at low temperatures. Photo by: Gina Coleman/Weedmaps

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Crystalline

Crystalline is a transparent or semi-transparent cannabis concentrate that may resemble coarse decorative sparkling sugar or kosher salt. Multiple methods can be used to produce crystalline, but they all follow the same basic principles of crystallization.

Crystalline is a transparent or semi-transparent cannabis concentrate that may resemble coarse decorative sparkling sugar or kosher salt. Photo by: Gina Coleman/Weedmaps

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An example of crystallization is making rock candy. Rock candy is a flavored confection that’s produced when sugar (a chemical solid) is slowly added to boiling water (a liquid). The resulting solution cools a bit, then flavor and color is added. A prepared stick is lowered into the solution. Over time, crystals form and grow on the prepared stick, eventually yielding the desired product.

Crystallization is a process where a chemical solid is mixed with a liquid to create an initial solution. Any impurities are removed from the initial solution, and the extract is then mixed with another solvent under a different set of conditions to start the formation of pure crystals.

Distillate

Distillates are made by exposing a winterized and decarboxylated extract to heat and vacuum, which promotes the separation of cannabinoids based on their different boiling points.

Distillates are made by exposing a winterized and decarboxylated extract to heat and vacuum. Photo by: Gina Coleman/Weedmaps

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