There is also ruderalis , but in general, most weed users steer clear of that particular type of cannabis. A lot of people used to believe that indica and sativa strains had specific effects. Indicas were associated with sedation and were classified as a late evening or night time strain. Sativas were said to provide you with an energy boost, which made them the best wake-and-bake options.
In reality, there is much about the marijuana plant that we have yet to understand. For instance, the overall cannabinoid and terpene content of a strain is more likely to dictate the effects you’ll feel. There are well over 100 cannabinoids in cannabis, plus at least 100 terpenes. Therefore, it is entirely possible to find a sativa strain that has a sedative effect, and an indica that invigorates you. Breeders are becoming more aware of this, and are creating exciting new strains as a result. These days, you’ll find it hard to find a pure indica or sativa. Indeed, some experts believe neither exists in the modern era. When strains with different heritage are crossbred , exciting things happen.
Hybrids contain a combination of indica and sativa genetics and take on traits from both strain families depending on their lineage. Add in the importance of cannabinoids aside from THC & CBD, not to mention terpenes, and it is easy to see why a sativa-dominant hybrid might surprise you by helping you to chill out. Indicas are a firm favorite with breeders because of their dense growing pattern and smaller size, which makes it easier to grow them indoors . Indicas typically grow to around 6 feet in height, and the plant’s shape is very similar to that of a pine tree. While most indica strains were found in high altitude locations such as Nepal, indoor cultivation has exposed them to the world, and they are now being grown in virtually every corner of the world. Jean-Baptiste Lamarck is believed to be the first to classify the Cannabis indica species in 1785. He named it as a type of marijuana that grows in India and the surrounding region. The typical qualities associated with a pure indica include: Decreasing nausea Helping with muscle relaxation Improving mental relaxation Boosting appetite Boosting dopamine production. In general, medicine produced from indica strains has lower THC but a higher CBD count than sativa-based medicine. They are best cultivated outdoors but can also be grown indoors. Unlike Indicas, the leaves, buds and colas of a Sativa marijuana plant are far spread apart. Sativa cannabis strains are best suited to individuals seeking a boost in energy or creativity. Many of the Sativa cannabis strains originate in nations near the equator, for example, Colombia, Thailand, Mexico and several countries in Africa, but as cultivation has become more technological based, you will find Sativa’s grown virtually anywhere. Carl Linnaeus is credited with being the first person to classify the Cannabis sativa plant in 1753. For the record, the word sativa means things that are cultivated. The typical qualities of a pure sativa plant include: Anti-depressant Treating chronic pain Boosting creativity and focus Increasing serotonin Anti-anxiety. Sativas need more time to grow and mature, require more light, and on average, have higher THC and lower CBD counts than indicas. Of course, this is only a rule of thumb and is not set in stone. As you can probably guess, a hybrid is the ‘best of both worlds’ in the sense that it offers both Sativa and Indica. They are a combination of two or more forms of cannabis, and they are designed to allow you to get the benefits of Indica and sativa in a single strain. For example, if you have chronic pain from arthritis but have to go to work, you could use a hybrid strain to alleviate the pain while still remaining alert. Hybrids are used to treat the same illnesses as Indica or Sativa strains. For all the controversy about marijuana, it is worth remembering that it has been used for medicinal purposes for at least 3,000 years, and possibly for longer. While the number of states where it is possible to buy medical marijuana is growing (33 states plus D.C at the last count), the FDA refuses to legalize it across the board due to a supposed lack of evidence supporting its medical benefits. While there have been studies on marijuana’s medicinal value for decades, it is only in the last few years that relaxed legislation has allowed for a veritable explosion of research.
A study by Atwal et al., published in Neuropharmacology in January 2019, found that THC helped boost the efficacy of traditional neuropathic pain medication. For the record, neuropathic pain is a common type of chronic pain that can severely reduce a person’s quality of life. The study involved providing mice (suffering from neuropathic pain) with a combination of gabapentin and THC. It turned out that the combination reduced pain more than what was predicted from their individual effects; a suggestion that the two drugs may have combined synergistically. A pair of studies, both published in 2018, were completed by researchers at the University of Mexico. One was published in Frontiers in Pharmacology , while the other was published in Medicines . Both studies discovered that medical marijuana provided immediate relief from a variety of medical symptoms with minimal side effects. The list of symptoms that hybrid marijuana strains potentially treat includes, but is not limited to: Fibromyalgia Anxiety Depression Chronic pain Menstrual cramps Migraines ALS PTSD Epilepsy Fatigue. Of course, the possible effects of each strain vary according to the individual, thanks to the unique nature of our endocannabinoid system (ECS).
In any case, here are five great hybrid cannabis strains worth considering: The 5 Best Popular Hybrid Strains on the Market.