Weeding 101: How to Weed Your Garden
by Chris Lambton
I’m as good as anyone else at procrastinating on my chores and weeding certainly falls into the chore category in my book. Yes, I love gardening, but weeding isn’t exactly what I would call “a pleasure.” But over the years, despite my inclination to procrastinate, I’ve learned to not put off weeding. Because I realized, the longer you let those powerful, unwanted plants grow, the harder they become to take care of.
Garden Hoe Tool: Long-handle, Aluminum, Flat Yard Hoe (60″)
Extendable Rotary Cultivator (40″ – 60″)
Garden Rake (Aluminum, 60″)
Ergo D-handle Steel Garden Fork (47″)
That’s why in this article, we’ll discuss:
- Why Weeding the Garden is Important
- Weeding Tips & Tricks >
The upside of my understanding? These days, just even thinking about having to weed harder and more often is usually enough to get me out in the garden, with the right tools for the job, taking care of weeds as they come, before they take over (and take over do they ever!).
Want to get ahead of the weeds in your garden? If you’re looking for tips on how to pull weeds, here are some of my most successful weeding ideas that give me a head start, keep this chore to a minimum and in some instances, actually even let me get ahead of the curve.
Why is Weeding the Garden Important?
You may think that weeding is done purely for aesthetic reasons, intended to keep your garden and yard looking pretty. But in reality, these aggressive plants are invasive thieves.
Weeds tend to grow quickly, and they ultimately compete with other plants for space, moisture and nutrients. You plant your garden or yard carefully, thinking of spacing and sun, so when a destructive, thirsty weed enters the picture, you likely didn’t account for water and space that would be sucked up by your plants’ new neighbor. Even in terms of grass, when weeds pop up, they’re fighting your lawn for the water it so desperately needs, particularly in the hot summer months.
Weeding Tips & Tricks
Weeding may not be top on your list of fun-Saturday-morning-tasks (I know it’s not on mine), but if you use a few of these tips and tricks I’ve learned along the way, I promise you it can be less painful and quicker than you’re probably imagining.
Weed After Rain (or Water)
Wet or moist soil is soft and loose, so if you plan to pull weeds, doing so after a good rain or a healthy watering will make the chore much easier. Be careful walking on your wet dirt, though. Because it’s soft from the moisture, you want to make sure you’re not compacting the dirt down as you walk through your garden, which will make your task more difficult. You may want to lay down several pretty large, wide paver or stepping stones to give you a path to walk along as you work.
Choose the Right Tools
Having the right tools for weeding at your fingertips makes it a much, much faster job. And, having tools specific for your needs with you while you work means you’ll have an easy way to pull weeds that’s more efficient and less tiring. Not to mention, keeping your tools on hand means you eliminate having to walk back and forth to your garage or shed multiple times, which is a huge plus. If you’re tackling a big job in a space that’s been neglected for several seasons, I suggest the Fiskars ® IsoCore™ 5lb Pick. It allows you to break up hard, rocky dirt without the achy muscles that would usually follow. I would also suggest the Fiskars ® Long-handle Aluminum Hoe and Fiskars ® Steel Extendable Rotary Cultivator to help break up really tough weeds.
For basic upkeep and maintenance, I never hit the dirt without my Fiskars ® Big Grip Garden Knife. It’s the perfect go-to tool, whether you’re digging up or loosening soil, or lifting and removing root balls.
A Fiskars ® Deluxe-Stand-up Weeder with four claws can save your back and your time. If you have an invasion of dandelions, you’ll wonder how you ever lived without this handy upright tool that removes all of these annoying lawn-invaders, right down to the root – so weeding lawn areas can be quick and easy. The Fiskars ® Big Grip Weeder lets you dig and lift in one fell swoop, and it’s my go-to tool when dealing with pesky thorned or thistled plants.
Leave No Roots Behind!
Garden weeding will last longer and be much less infuriating if you get the entire plant, root and all. Just ripping and tearing the tops off your weeds isn’t going to do you any favors in the long run. Most weeds have the power to regenerate readily from left-behind roots – sometimes stronger than before. Use your Big Grip Knife or your Big Grip Weeder when you’re working in softer, loamy beds. You might even be able to make uprooting those weeds into a game for your kids.
Mulch as You Go
As you pull your weeds, have some quality composted mulch or wood chips on hand to spread over your newly exposed soil right away. Pulling weeds often disturbs buried weed seeds, and that disturbance can bring seeds up to the surface where sunlight exposure may awaken them, leading to germinating more weeds – which means more work! By spreading a few inches of mulch over the area you just finished weeding using the Fiskars ® Ergo D-handle Steel Garden Fork, seeds won’t have as much of a chance, but any powerful perennials under the soil will still burst right on through. Always remembers to smooth out your mulch with the Fiskars ® Garden Rake to ensure a professional look.
One of the hardest aspects of weeding for many gardeners is the last part of the job – the clean-up. You’re tired, you’re likely hot and you just want to be done for the day. But making this part of the job as you go means you won’t have to walk through a second time, repeating your steps to catch all the unwanted garden-visitors you’ve just pulled. Dragging along a stand-up Fiskars ® Kangaroo® Garden Bag that’s lightweight and sturdy is well worth your time – it won’t collapse on you and makes collecting weeds as you move through your yard a snap.
Rather than setting lofty and unrealistic goals like “I’ll pull every weed in the garden this weekend,” setting smaller, achievable goals like spending an hour weeding a specific area, an hour mulching over it and a half hour cleaning up makes the task at hand seem more manageable. Once you meet that goal, take on another small area and chip away, or take the rest of the day off to relax in your garden and enjoy it. Next weekend or after work on a long summer evening, you can another hour or two out there doing just a bit at a time. This way, you’re able to recharge and stay on top of those chores. Once you’ve gone all the way through, you can circle back and repeat the process. A little trick I use is spot-checking. I scan every time I’m watering, pulling any weeds I see as I walk through my yard. I don’t go crazy or spend a ton of time, but I do pull anything within eyesight any time I’m out there – this tactic cuts down on my actual time spent weeding – and believe me, the less time I’m weeding, the better!
Get rid of those unwanted plants once and for all with these expert, proven weeding tips. Learn how to weed your garden with Fiskars today!
8 Things to Know When Pulling Weeds
Banish weeds the right way—and keep them from coming back—with these tips, tools, and techniques.
Ask any group of gardeners to cite their least favorite task is and you’re bound to hear a chorus of “Weeding!” Rampant weeds steal water and valuable nutrients from the soil that beneficial plants could be receiving, and their less-than-lovely heads detract from lawn and garden design.
In your quest to keep your landscape weed-free, it’s easy to make some overzealous mistakes. Before you begin pulling weeds, read on for the right way to vanquish green invaders and reduce their future growth. Your bountiful vegetable harvest and big beautiful flowers will thank you!
1. Don’t wait to weed.
If you let weeds tower over your tomatoes, you’ll have a tough time getting them out. When weeds are small, their roots are weaker, making it easier to pull them out. Commit to doing a quick walk-through of your garden every other day; it will take only a few minutes to pull up any young weeds that show up.
Bonus tip: Pull weeds soon after watering your plants or a rain shower; when the soil is moist, the whole weed is more likely to come out by the roots. It’s perfectly fine to put pulled weeds in your compost bin, where the naturally hot temperature will destroy any seeds.
2. Grab by the base.
Gardeners who weed manually may be tempted to reach down and snatch a handful give it a sharp tug. Unfortunately, that often causes the weed to snap in two, leaving the bottom half and the roots still in the ground. Instead, take your time and grab each weed individually at its base and then pull slowly and steadily to ease the roots from the soil.
3. Ply the proper tools.
Many gardeners find that a few tools make weeding speedier. Choose well-made implements with a solid handle that feels comfortable in your grasp and a head or blade made of tough forged steel. Also, select tools that suit your weeding method, either kneeling or standing.
• Kneeling tools: These have relatively short handles, from about six to 12 inches long. Rake-type tools with finger-like prongs (such as the Gardener’s Claw Rake, available on Amazon) work well for scraping up surface weeds with minimal root systems, such as henbit. A hook neck tool (such as the CobraHead Weeder, available on Amazon) can be positioned behind the base of a weed and used to dig in and scoop out the intruder. To remove weeds between beneficial plants, try an angled hand hoe like the Nejiri Gama Hoe (also available on Amazon), which features a sharp point for getting into tight spots. Hand shovels can be used to dig out large weed roots.
• Standing tools: For removing many weeds at once, it’s hard to beat the tried-and-true long-handled hoe, but today’s manufacturers have done just that! A hoe with a sharpened blade, such as the ProHoe Rogue Garden Hoe (available on Amazon), can sever roots beneath the soil surface with a single chop. Grip-and-pull weeders like Fiskars’ Deluxe Stand-up Weeder (available on Amazon) promise to save time and labor when removing weeds with deep root systems, such as dandelions. Sharp prongs are driven deep into the soil by pressing a foot pedal, and then the prongs grip the roots securely and pull them right out.
Photo: amazon.com via Roundup
4. Understand herbicides.
Need a break from the strenuous work of pulling weeds? Controlling these unwanted crops with foliar herbicides (toxic substances absorbed through a plant’s leaves) is physically easier than either pulling or hoeing. Just be sure to consider the pros and cons of these weed killers before you go this route.
+ Spraying a foliar herbicide such as Roundup (available on Amazon) effectively kills individual weeds or large areas that are awash with weeds.
+ Foliar herbicides work fast, killing weeds sometimes within a day—and usually no longer than a week—of application.
+ There’s no need to remove weeds individually and no strain on your back from bending over and pulling weeds for long periods of time. After the weeds turn brown and die, rake them into a pile and dispose of them.
– The wind could blow herbicidal spray onto beneficial plants, inadvertently harming or killing them.
– Exposure to chemical herbicides may result in skin irritation while inhaling the spray can result in a sore throat and other respiratory woes. Care should always be taken not to come into contact with the spray.
– Weeds that are chemically killed should not be placed in the compost bin. Traces of herbicides can survive the composting process and may result in stunting vegetation if later used in garden soil.
– Chemical herbicides may interfere with the environment and studies indicate that the chemicals can affect earthworms and offset soil nutrients, leading to the leaching of chemicals into streams and underground aquifers. Consider a non-toxic herbicide, such as A.D.I.O.S Eco-Friendly Weed Control (available on Amazon), which will allow you to avoid the contamination problems associated with toxic herbicides.
5. Avoid pulling weeds with an ounce of prevention.
You don’t have to kill or pull weeds if they don’t grow in the first place, so consider a pre-emergent to keep weed seeds from germinating. Sprinkle a granular pre-emergent herbicide such as Preen’s Organic Vegetable Garden Weed Preventer (available on Amazon) on the soil and then water. The granules will dissolve and permeate the soil, creating a barrier around the weed seeds. A single application will last up to 12 weeks, after which the product can be reapplied.
Note that once a pre-emergent is in the soil, beneficial seeds won’t sprout either. For best results, wait until beneficial plants are four to eight inches tall before using a pre-emergent product (as directed on the package)—it won’t kill plants that are already growing.
6. Cut it out.
Some stubborn weeds, such as Canadian thistle, not only send deep roots that are extremely hard to pull, but also feature prickly stems and foliage that will pierce anything less than heavy leather gloves. When dealing with these tough customers, reach for a sharp pair of nippers, such as TABOR TOOLS Bypass Pruning Shears (available on Amazon) for small to medium size weeds or long-handled shears, such as Fiskars 28” Bypass Loppers (available on Amazon) for cutting down those large Canadian thistles. The roots will still remain in the soil, but in most cases, if you remove the entire growing part of the plant, it can no longer receive the sunshine it needs to survive.
7. Know when to turn up the heat!
If you find yourself with a large swath of weeds that don’t respond to other methods, consider burning them out. A weed burner, such as the Red Dragon Weed Torch Kit (available on Amazon), connects to a standard propane tank to deliver a flame directly to the weeds, scorching and killing them. A weed burner works well on invaders growing beneath fences or encroaching near raised garden beds. Be sure weeds are green, not brown and dry. You want to scorch them, not start a fire. Check with local authorities before using a weed torch as some communities may restrict or ban their use.
Hot water can also kill weeds. Carefully pour a pitcher of just-boiled water directly on weeds or use a steam weeder, such as the DynaSteam Weeder (available at Amazon), to simplify the process—and reduce the risk of dripping scalding water on your feet.
You can also use heat to kill weeds between gardening seasons. After harvest, cover a planting bed with dark landscape plastic (hold it in place rocks or bricks) and leave it on over the winter. Sun hitting the plastic it will raise the soil temperature beneath to destroy weed seeds.
8. Grow a no-till garden.
Every fall and again every spring, home gardeners can be found turning their garden soil to helps break up heavy clay, distribute organic matter, and deliver oxygen to the soil. Tilling in this way, however, also brings dormant weed seeds to the surface where they quickly sprout. An alternative to the turning the soil several times annually—and reduce weed growth—is a no-till garden.
You will till, but only once—when you start the garden to loosen the soil. Then, you’ll cover the soil with four to six inches of organic mulch (dried leaves, grass clippings, or hardwood chips). The mulch helps keep the soil beneath moist and also prevents weed seeds from sprouting by keeping light from reaching the surface. When you want to plant seeds or transplant seedlings, just push the mulch aside in that spot.
For a vegetable garden, this might mean creating long V-shaped rows in the mulch with bare soil only visible inside the “V.” Crops grow in the narrow rows, and after harvest, remove the spent plants and cover the area again with mulch. Once you’ve established a no-till garden, add a few inches of mulch every year (the old mulch will biodegrade and settle) and push the soil aside as described each time you plant.
In your quest to keep your yard and garden weed-free, it’s easy to make some overzealous mistakes. Before you begin pulling weeds, read up on the best tips.